14Let’s find out what happened to your breakfast today! (bocca)MouthesophagusStomachSmall IntestineLiverLarge IntestineGall BladderPancreasRectumAnus(esofago)(stomaco)(Intestino tenue)(fegato)(intestino crasso)(cistifellea)H/O anticipation guide digestion and absorptionH/O vocab square digestionH/O game structure of digestive systemStretch out person until intestine is straight they are 8m long, HORSE 30M! shine torchIngestionDigestionAbsorbtionEgestion(pancreas)(retto)(ano)
15Mouth Teeth (DENTI) mechanical breakdown Movimento MECCANICO di rottura del cibo)Incisors (incisivi)Canines (canini)Molars/premolars(molari e premolari)Saliva (saliva)(chemical breakdownScomposizione CHIMICA del cibo)Enzyme (enzimi)Breaks down carbohydrate (scomposizione di carboidrati)Masseter muscle zygomatic arch, cranial ridge = carnivoreHerbivore – diastema plate for incisors to press againstEpiglotis prevents food going down the wrong way
16esophagus L’ESOFAGO è LUNGO circa 25 cm. DOPO CHE IL CIBO è TRITURATO DALLA BOCCA POI PASSA ALL’ESOFAGOA good way to describe peristalsis is an ocean wave moving through the muscle.These diagrams don’t separate the esophagus from the mouth functions, you might want to talk about what happens in the mouth too.
17Stomach DALL’ AUTOSTRADA (ESOFAGO) PASSA SUBITO ALLA DOGANA (STOMACO) The stomach takes around 4 hours to do it’s job on the food, depending on what kinds of food are digested.Digestive juices HCL and pepsin (protein breakdown)
18Small Intestine L’INTESTINO TENUE ASSORBE I SUCCHI ALIMENTARI DALLO STOMACO PASSA ALL’INTESTINO TENUE ….Enzymes breakdown large molecules.Villi look like little fingersBlood system is in close proximity to carry nutrients away around the rest of the body
19LiverIL FEGATO è LA piùGROSSA GHIANDOLA E HA UNA MASSA COMPRESA TRA 1,1 E 1, 6kgLivers can regenerate missing pieces if necessary. Is one of the largest organs in the body.
20Gall BladderLA CISTIFELLEA è UN SACCHETTO CHE PRODUCE I SUCCHI GASTRICIExplain to students that removing the stones typically means removing the gallbladder, but that the body eventually adjusts to not having the bile stored.
21Pancreas IL PANCREAS è UNA GHIANDOLA CHE SI TROVA DIETRO LO STOMACO Explain the difference between the two types of diabetes. In type 1, the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin. In type 2, the body stops responding properly to the insulin it creates.Enzymes for breakdown of protein, cbh, sugar
22Large Intestine L’INTESTINO è LUNGO 1.5 M. Depending on the maturity of the group, you can talk about the feces leaving via the anus.Mention the appendix at the bottom of the ascending colon and that it might have been used long ago but is not todayMention the portions of the large intestine, ascending, transverse, descending, sigmoid, and rectum (last one if the audience is mature enough)
23TOILETTERETTO: FA PARTE DELL’INTESTINO CRASSOH/O game word play
24Write the name of each colored organ (IN ITALIANO) Green: ESOFAGORed: STOMACOPink: INTESTINO TENUEBrown: INTESTINO CRASSOPurple: FEGATOGreen: CISTIFELLEAYellow: PANCREAS
25SCRIVO ACCANTO AD OGNI COLORE L’ORGANO CORRISPONDENTE… Green: esophagusRed: StomachPink: Small IntestineBrown: Large IntestinePurple: LiverGreen: Gall BladderYellow: PancreasH/O in teams complete 69 the digestive system then use it to Draw full size body and position organs