Presentazione sul tema: "Università degli Studi di Cassino e del Lazio Meridionale Dipartimento di Scienze Umane, Sociali, e della Salute Lingua Inglese a.a. 2014-2015 (Dott. Saverio."— Transcript della presentazione:
Università degli Studi di Cassino e del Lazio Meridionale Dipartimento di Scienze Umane, Sociali, e della Salute Lingua Inglese a.a (Dott. Saverio Tomaiuolo) Il Congiuntivo
In inglese il congiuntivo presente e passato si traduce, rispettivamente, con il present simple e past simple: I hope (that) you are happy now. I wish (that) he watches TV less She wanted (that) he wrote her a letter (meglio=She wanted him to write her a letter
Esempi: I wanted that you came to the concert. I hoped that (that) person didn’t see what was happening I wished you were here in that moment. I’m missing you.
Forma affermativa SOGGETTO + AUSILIARE “WOULD” + VERBO I / you / he / she / it / we / you / they would / ‘d help him Forma negativa SOGGETTO + AUSILIARE “WOULD” + NOT + VERBO I / you/ he / etc…they would not / wouldn’t help him Forma interrogativa AUSILIARE “WOULD” + SOGGETTO + VERBO? Would I / you / he / she / it / we / you / they help him? L’ausiliare “would” si può anche utilizzare nelle forme di cortesia, soprattutto nelle richieste: Would you like some coffee? Would you join me for a beer?
Esempi: They wouldn’t pass the exam without his help. She would be happy to meet him Would you drink/like to drink some wine with us?
Periodo ipotetico Il Periodo ipotetico di 1°, 2 e 3° tipo
Periodo ipotetico di 1° tipo (If-clause n. 1) SOGG. (frase princ.) + WILL // IF + SOGG. (frase sec.) + Present Simple I will be happy, If you come with me You will wish her good luck, if you meet her.
Periodo ipotetico di 2° tipo (If-clause n. 2) IF + SOGG. (frase sec.) + Past simple SOGG. (frase princ.) + Condizionale Presente // IF + SOGG. (frase sec.) + Past simple if were I would call the police, if I were you. if educated Overnutrition in children would be solved, if their parents educated them on food.
Periodo ipotetico di 3° tipo (If-clause n. 3) SOGG. + Condizionale passato (Would have + p.p.) // IF + SOGG. + Past Perfect She would have been happier, if they had come. We would have watched that movie, if we had had the money.
Esempi: She will obtain good results, if she remains calm Italian would have won more medals, if they hadn’t been so nervous. If they ate less, they would feel better.
__________ PERSONAL INTRODUCTION First Name:_________________________________________________________ Surname:_______________________________________________________ Date and Place of Birth of Birth:________________________________ Address:_______________________________________________________ Last book read and opinions_________________________________________ Last movie watched and opinions________________________________________ Hobbies ________________________________________________________ Dream trip________________________________________________________________ Dream job ______________________________________________________________________________