La presentazione è in caricamento. Aspetta per favore

La presentazione è in caricamento. Aspetta per favore

Optimal approach to medical management of synchronous colorectal liver metastases MSO, School of Oncology Dott.ssa Angela Torsello Angela TORSELLO Oncologia.

Presentazioni simili

Presentazione sul tema: "Optimal approach to medical management of synchronous colorectal liver metastases MSO, School of Oncology Dott.ssa Angela Torsello Angela TORSELLO Oncologia."— Transcript della presentazione:

1 Optimal approach to medical management of synchronous colorectal liver metastases MSO, School of Oncology Dott.ssa Angela Torsello Angela TORSELLO Oncologia Medica A Istituto Regina Elena, Rom a Roma, 4 marzo 2011

2 Colorectal cancer liver metastases

3 Liver metastases 25% synchronous with the primary tumor 20% metachronous Colorectal cancer liver metastases Mets sinchronous : More often bilobar and greater in number/size Poorer survival Different management (i.e. the resection time of primary tumor and liver metastases represent an important issue) Tan EK et al, Ann Acad Med 2010

4 Treatment of Colorectal Liver Metastases In patients with liver metastases the main topic is to evaluate lesions resectability or the possibility of the lesions to became resectable after neoadjuvant chemotherapy: Strangl R et al. Lancet 1994

5 5-y Survival Resected patients: 25-40% Liver resection= Possibility to cure Adam R.

6 Synchronous Colorectal Liver Metastases I Should primary tumor be resected before starting sistemic treatment? This could represent a problem in the control of disease (delayed sistemic treatment) BUT….. Importance of patient symptoms: subocclusion/occlusion, bleeding…

7 Synchronous Colorectal Liver Metastases II Should liver metastases be resected at the same time as the primary tumor? a) Importance of primary tumor site: - right sided tumors could be better resected at the same time of liver metastases in selected patients; -left sided tumor (especially rectal cancer) present more thecnically difficulties and post-operative risks b) A delayed (3-6 months) liver resection and chemotherapy administration permits a test of time: selection of patients who really benefits of liver resection with curative intention

8 Surgery in synchronous colorectal liver metastases The optimal timing of synchronous metastases resction is not well defined Surgical strategy are defined as combined (combined resection of primary and liver), classic (primary before liver) and reverse (liver before primary) These surgical strategies are associated with similar outcomes The combined strategy is considered safe with no different in morbidity and mortality rates or in severity of complications, compared with staged resection

9 Reverse approach Recently this kind of surgical approach is considered for rectal cancer with synchronous liver metastases The treatment sequence proposed is the following: -Systemic chemotherapy followed by liver resection -Chemoradiation followed by rectal resection Van der Pool et al, ASCO 2010 abs e14027

10 Postoperative outcome of 142 pts with different surgical strategy for synchronous liver mets OutcomeCombined (n=43) Classic (n=72) Reverse (n=27) p Margin status for resection of primary (%) R041 (95)68 (94)25 (93)NS R12 (5)4 (6)2 (7) Type of liver resection 3 liver segments, n (%)15 (35)48 (66)24 (89)<0.01 Margin status for resection of metastases R040 (93)62 (86)23 (85)NS R13 (7)9 (13)4 (15 Blood transfusion requirement, n (%)7 (16)9 (13)2 (7)NS 30-d postoperative mortality2 (5)2 (3)0NS 90-d postoperative mortality2 (5)2 (3)1 (4)NS Overall postoperative morbidity20 (47)37 (51)10 (37)NS Cumulative major postoperative complication 8 (19)12 (17)2 (7)NS Brouquet A et al, J Am Coll Surg 2010

11 The impact of multidisciplinary management % surviving Years after diagnosis of colorectal metastases 2009 chemotherapy Median survival >24 months 5 year survival 9 % 3% overall (Surgery + Chemo) Median survival ~36 months 5 year survival 20 % 20% Poston GJ. EJSO 2005; 31: % 2019?

12 Perioperative chemotherapy with FOLFOX4 and surgery versus surgery alone for resectable liver metastases from colorectal cancer (EORTC Intergroup trial 40983): a randomised controlled trial Nordlinger et al, Lancet 2008

13 Postoperative complications Peri-op Surg Number in group Reversible postoperative complications 40 (25%) 27 (16%) Cardio-pulmonary failure 3 (2%) 2 (1%) Bleeding 3 (2%) 3 (2%) Biliary fistula 13 (8%) 7 (4%) Output >100 mL/day for >10 days 9 (6%) 2 (1%) Hepatic failure 11 (7%) 8 (5%) Bilirubin >100 mg/day for >3 days 10 (6%) 5 (3%) Wound infection 5 (3%) 4 (2%) Intra-abdominal infection 11 (7%) 4 (2%) Need for reoperation 5 (3%) 3 (2%) Urinary infection 4 (3%) 0 Pleural effusion 3 (2%) 1 (1%) Pulmonary embolism/deep-venous thrombosis 2 (1%) 1 (1%) Pneumopathy 2 (1%) 0 Neutropenia 2 (1%) 0 Ascites 1 (1%) 1 (1%) Ileus 2 (1%) 1 (1%) Cardiac arrhythmia 0 1 (1%) Renal failure 0 1 (1%) Other 4 (3%) 4 (2%) Postoperative death 1 (1%) 2 (1%)

14 The timing of chemotherapy and surgery Liver mets resectable at presentation: the perioperative chemotherapy has become the standard treatment in many institutions (to be performed after maximum 6 cycles of chemotherapy) Liver mets initially not resectable: monitoring patients during chemotherapy to perform surgery as soon as the metastases become resectable Nordlinger et al, Clin Colorectal Can 2010 and Ann Oncol 2009

15 Liver metastases treatment Liver metastases 85% non resectable 15% resectable Neoadjuvant chemotherapy Potentially resectable (4-30%) R0 R0 uncertain more? FA/FU FU/OXA o CPT11 FA/OXA/CPT11 (Triplet) Target therapies

16 Topics of liver metastases neoadiuvant chemotherapy Patients selection Type of treatment (systemic; hepatic intra-arterial) and schedule (new biological drugs) Liver damage Respose to treatment (complete vs partial response)


18 What does it mean resectable disease? Traditional controindications: 4 metastases Size Extrahepatic disease Ilar disease Resection margin< 1 cm Incomplete resection Now is admitted: Resection margin 1 cm Number Size Extrahepatic disease Need standard resection criteria Adam R., et al. Ann Surg Onc large Multi- nodular ill- located extra- hepatic

19 French Recommendations Potentially resectable= class I (involvement max 4 anatomic segments; non-involvement of cava vein, almost one of hepatic veins and controlateral portal pedunculus) * Potentially resectable= classe II (involvement of 5-6 anatomic segments and/or major controlateral vascular structures) * Not resectble that became resectable= classe III Never resectable= classe IV * Classe I = easily resectable Classe II= resectable with difficult


21 Size Multinodular Ilar location Extraepatic disease Patients with >3 metastases who receive chemotherapy in order to stabilize liver disease before surgery Patients who present with huge resectable liver metastases at the time of resection of the primary tumor and need extended liver surgery Criteri di non resecabilità (IRE):

22 CRC Staging: IV Stage (Consensus 2006) Stage IVa: easily resectable liver metastases Stage IVb: resectable liver metastases Stage IVc: liver metastases thet may become resectable after downsizing Stage IVd: liver metastases that are unlikely to become resectable* Stage Va: resectable disease outside the liver Stage Vb: unresectable disease outside the liver* *never resectable EJC, 2006

23 It is important: Staging of metastastic patients (TC, US, RMN, PET) Resection criteria Prognostic factors (outcome predictors)


25 Response rate and surgery of metastases (First line 5-FU, LV and l-OHP) Chrono 4-10 Chrono 5-16 Flat Objective responses (%) Complete resection of metastases (%) r = 0.96 ; p = Secondary surgery of metastases : major prognostic factor of survival 20 70

26 Resection rate of metastases and tumor response Studies including nonselected patients with mCRC (solid line) (r=0.74; p<0.001) Studies including selected patients (liver metastases only, no extrahepatic disease) (r=0.96; p=0.002) Phase III studies including nonselected patients with mCRC (dashed line) (r=0.67; p=0.024) Response rate Resection rate Folprecht G, et al. Ann Oncol 2005;16:1311–1319

27 Which Regimen: doublets or triplets? Pozzo C. et al Cancer Treat Rev, 2008

28 1) Activity and efficacy increase 2) Resection rate increase 3) Balance between activity and toxicity 4) Acute toxicity acceptable Triplets

29 New drugs and new combinations Oral 5-FUs (capecitabine, UFT) Irinotecan Oxaliplatin Cetuximab Bevacizumab Treatment of metastatic CRC Tumor response rates typically >5060% …and even 72%

30 Cetuximab and resection rate in first-line FOLFIRI-based regimen Folprecht et al 2006 Peeters et al 2005 Van Cutsem et al 2007 TrialPhase I/II Phase III Treatment regimenCetuximab + irinotecan/AIO Cetuximab + FOLFIRI Cetuximab + FOLFIRI No. of patients a Overall response rate (%) Disease control rate (%) Resection rate (%)24 b 246 R0 Resection rate (%)19 4 (10 c ) A Patients in ERBITUX arm; b5 patients became eligible for resection, 4 underwent surgery; cR0 resection rate in patients with liver limited disease

31 CRYSTAL: resection rate ITT Cetuximab raddoppia i pazienti portati alla chirurgia e triplica le % di R0 Curative liver resections Resection rate (%) CRYSTAL FOLFIRI ERBITUX + FOLFIRI Response rate (%) Response rates FOLFIRI ERBITUX + FOLFIRI CRYSTAL RR

32 Cetuximab and resection rate in first-line FOLFOX-based regimen Bokemeyer et al 2007 Tabernero et al 2007 Colucci et al 2007 TrialPhase II Treatment regimenCetuximab + FOLFOX-4 Cetuximab + FOLFOX-4 Cetuximab + FOLFOX4 No. of patients a Overall response rate (%) Disease control rate (%)8595NR Resection rate (%)723- R0 Resection rate (%)521 aPatients in ERBITUX arm; bR0 resection rate in patients with liver limited disease; NR, not reported

33 OPUS: resection rate ITT Cetuximab raddoppia i pazienti portati a resezione e le % di resezioni R0

34 Panitumumab (pmab) with FOLFIRI as first-line treatment of patients (pts) with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC): Resections and curative surgery in a phase II single arm, multicenter study ( ). R. Hofheinz, L. Mineur, R. Greil, C. Kohne, H. Letocha, J. Thaler, E. Fernebro, E. Gamelin, L. DeCosta, M. Karthaus Response rate KRAS/WT KRAS/MT Resection rate 56% 38% 15% 7% ASCO 2010, abs 3545

35 CETUXIMAB and resection rate in pretreated patients Aloia et al 2007 Karaboue et al 2007 Levi et al 2007 Treatment regimenCtuximab + various CT Cetuximab + chronomodulated CT Chronomodulated IFO (ia) +/- Cetuximab Treatment line> 2 nd -line3 rd -lineHeavily pretreated No. of patients* Overall response rate, %NR3234 Resection rate, %18 (27/151)18 (n=8 R0, n=2 R1)13 (n=3 R0, n=1 R1) Survival in resected patients 10 disease-free at 22 months follow-up Median PFS 11.7 months Survival estimate 80% at 21 months Median survival (all patients) 18.4 months IFO=irinotecan/5-FU/FA/oxaliplatin; NR=not reported

36 Studio EMR 604-CELIM Adjuvant therapy for 6 cycles (same schedule as pre- operatively) R Patients with technically unresectable/ 5 liver metastases without extrahepatic disease ERBITUX + FOLFOX (n=54) 8 cycles (~4 months) Technically resectable Primary endpoint: Response rate 4 further treatment cycles RESECTION ERBITUX + FOLFIRI (n=54) Technically unresectable Started December 2004

37 Patient characteristics FOLFOX6 +FOLFIRI +All ERBITUX patients n=56n=55 n=111 KRAS (n=99) Wild-type 70%71% Primary tumour site Rectal cancer36%52%44% Primary tumour stage T3/489%83%86% Adjuvant chemotherapy9%23%16% Adjuvant radiotherapy4%15%8%

38 Resections by patient subgroup Technically 5 liverKRAS non-resectablemetastaseswild-type n=57n=48n=67 All resections40%44%43% (23 pts)(21 pts)(29 pts) R0 resections32%40%34% (18 pts)(19 pts)(23 pts) Comparison of R0 resections between strata technically non-resectable and 5 liver mets: p=0.4

39 POCHER STUDY Adjuvant therapy for 4-6 courses (same schedule as pre- operatively) Patients with unresectable liver metastases +/- extrahepatic disease ERBITUX + CPT-FFL ~ (n=43) for 4-6 courses 8 cycles (~4 months) Technically resectable Primary endpoint: Response rate 4 further treatment cycles RESECTION Technically unresectable Started December 2004


41 POCHER RESULTS N(%) Response rate Resection (R0) Follow-up (median) Median PFS (months) resected Median PFS (months) not resected Median OS (months) all population (1-43) 15 (CI95% ) 9 (CI95% 1-17) 37(CI95% 21-53) 79 (CI95% ) 60 (CI95% )




45 Patient with colorectal liver metastases± primary tumor BEV ACIZUMAB+ Capecitabine + L-OHP: ORR = 78% Surgery: -Resection rate 40%in pts with metachronous mets - Reasection rate 67% in pts with synchronous mets Bevacizumab + CAPOX ESMO 2006 Wong R et al, Ann oncol 2011





50 Bevacizumab in synchronous metastases In patients with asimptomatic primary tumour and synchronous metastases, Bevacizumab (plus FOLFOX6) can be used without increased risks of bleeding/perforation (McCahill et al, ASCO 2010 abs 3527) In neoadjuvant setting of liver metastases, Bevacizumab (plus Xelox) can be used safely without increased risks and with efficacy also in patients with primary insitu (Gruenberger T et al, ASCO 2010 abs e14032)

51 Anti EGFRab in synchronous metastases Safe use of Cetuximab or Panitumumab in advanced CRC No data are reported in the principal studies (Crystal, Opus) respect an increased toxicity/morbidity/mortality during treatment of patients with primary tumor insitu

52 Chemioterapia intra-arteriosa (IA) epatica I Risposte 40-80%; resecabilità variabile dal 10 al 40%, tuttavia le esperienze in neoadiuvante con la terapia IA epatica sono limitate E possibile utilizzare alternativamente la chemioterapia sistemica e intra-arteriosa epatica o in combinazione (eventualmente con nuovi farmaci) Non è comunque possibile definire lapproccio ottimale per la difficoltà a comparare studi di chemioterapia neoadiuvante sistemica e intra- arteriosa epatica (eterogeneità): necessità di studi randomizzati

53 Pazienti: 44 pre-CPT-11 ev: 70% HAI+ SYS OXAL –5- FAFU RR: 82% Resect: 20-36% Terapia sistemica + Terapia Locoregionale Leonard GD, et al. ASCO 04 abs 3542


55 Quale è il danno sul fegato sano? Fibrosi (portale, porto-portale, settale, cirrosi) Lesioni vascolari (dilatazione e congestione sinusoidale, peliosi, necrosi emorragica centrolobulare, iperplasia nodulare rigenerativa Steatosi macrovacuolare (lieve 60% epatociti) Oxaliplatino= danno vascolare CPT-11= steatoepatite

56 Vascular hepatic damage Aloia T et al., JCO 2006

57 Complete response to chemotherapy Benoist S, JCO 2006

58 CONCLUSIONS Actually there are not guideline on the use of chemotherapy and surgery in synchronous colorecltal liver metastases (clinical signs are important) There is not a chemotherapy schedule indicated as standard treatment in neoadjuvant setting of colorectal liver metastases: all schedules could be used Triplet seems to be more effective Adding molecular drugs, there is an activity increase in term of response rate and resectability Prospective studies on predictive factors of response and resectability could be useful to select the better treatment for each patient

59 KL, nata in Ucraina il , Anam Fam: negativa Anam. Fisiol: 3 gravidanze Anam Patol Remota: negativa Osservata il , da 4 mesi tenesmo ed astenia. Rettoscopia: sulla superficie laterale del retto neoplasia a 3 cm da OA, occupando il 50% del lume e si estende per 7 cm in lunghezza TC ( ): Tumore del retto con met epatiche bilaterali massive e polmonari

60 KL TC pre terapia:

61 KL TC pre terapia:

62 KL PET/TC pre terapia:

63 Neoplasia del retto con metastasi epatiche : KL n : Inizia chrono-IFLO + Cetuximab per 4 cicli (2 mesi) : RP >80% su T ed M CPT mg/m 2 day 1 peak 13:00 Cetuximab mg/m 2 day1 C. Garufi et al Br J Cancer 2010

64 Ecoendo: risposta dopo 4 cicli di chrono-IFLO

65 TC: risposta dopo 4 cicli di chrono- IFLO

66 Neoplasia del retto con metastasi epatiche : KL n Dal al RT 25 Gy short course sul retto Resezione del retto in VLS con anastomosi colo anale ed ileostomia di protezione ypT3N1a, TRG 1 sec Ryan

67 Neoplasia del retto con metastasi epatiche : KL n Esame istologico: … tratto di grosso intestino sede di residui di adenocarcinoma rappresentati da occasionali aggregati cellulari neoplastici nel contesto di alcuni laghi di muco infiltranti il tessuto fibroso perirettale ed il margine radiale (circonferenziale) di resezione chirurgica. La neoplasia si associa a marcata fibrosi e focali calcificazioni, Si segnala angioinvasione dei vasi extramurali e modificazioni riferibili a terapia neoadiuvante. … Metastasi in 1/8 linfonodi perirettali repertati, mentre i restanti 7 mostrano modificazioni riferibili a terapia neoadiuvante. Residui neoplastici in2/7 noduli fibrosi repertati nel tessuto fibroadiposo perirettale, mentre i rimanenti 5 noduli mostrano fibrosi, occasionali calcificazioni e modificazioni riferibili a terapia neoadiuvante. Margine prossimale indenne da infiltrazione neoplastica

68 Neoplasia del retto con metastasi epatiche : KL n Dal al continua ancora per 3 cicli con chrono-IFLO (7 cicli totale) chiusura colostomia PET: RC fegato


70 Neoplasia del retto con metastasi epatiche : KL n epatectomia dx allargata al IV segmento + resezione met epatica a sinistra FOLFIRI + Cetuximab x 6 cicli conclude chemioterapia

71 Esame istologico: 1. Lobo destro : al taglio nel parenchima epatico si apprezzano tre neoformazioni …. Del diametro rispettivamente di cm 1,5 A,B; di cm 1,8 C,D; di cm 2,7 E,F. Non alterazioni nel parenchima circostante G,H Fegato sede di metastasi di adenocarcinoma moderat differenziato, coerente con primitività colica. I noduli metastatici sono costituiti solo in parte minore da tessuto neoplastico vitale (circa il 30% in A,B; circa il 10% in C,D; circa il 40% in E,F) prevalendo in tutti la necrosi elorganizzazione sclero-cicatriziale di questa. Margine chirugico libero da neoplasia. Non modificazioni di rilevo del parenchima non lesionale. 2. Formazione lobo sinistro frammento di parenchima epatico sede di metastasi di adenocarcinoma con aspetti morfologici sovrapponibili, in parziale (circa il 50%) sostitutuzione sclero-calcifica Neoplasia del retto con metastasi epatiche : KL n

72 KL, nata in Ucraina il TC

73 Conclusione 14 mesi di trattamenti integrati 13 cicli di chemioterapia, 7 chrono-IFLO + 4 FOLFIRI, sempre con Cetuximab 5 sedute di RT 3 interventi chirurgici: resezione colo-anale, chiusura colostomia, epatectomia allargata al IV Paziente senza segni di malattia ad oggi Neoplasia del retto con metastasi epatiche : KL n

Scaricare ppt "Optimal approach to medical management of synchronous colorectal liver metastases MSO, School of Oncology Dott.ssa Angela Torsello Angela TORSELLO Oncologia."

Presentazioni simili

Annunci Google