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Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 Multilingual Semantic Metadata for law Daniela Tiscornia ITTIG-CNR.

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Presentazione sul tema: "Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 Multilingual Semantic Metadata for law Daniela Tiscornia ITTIG-CNR."— Transcript della presentazione:

1 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 Multilingual Semantic Metadata for law Daniela Tiscornia ITTIG-CNR

2 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 Semantic Legal Initiatives JurWordNet (ITTIG-CNR) LOIS (EDC 22161)

3 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 WordNet (WN)(freeware, American English) ( Cognitive Science Laboratory Princeton University) ; EuroWordNet (EUW) (proprietary, European languages) ( ILC Institute of Computational Linguistic-Pisa for Italian language) ; ItalWordNet (IWN)(Italian part of EWN) ( IRST-ICT- Trento) ; Jur-(Ital)WordNet (JWN) (C.N.R. Project: ITTIG Institute of Theory and Techniques for Legal Information, ILC, LOA Laboratory of Applied Ontology). WordNets Family JurWordNet

4 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 JurWordNet From a list of words: < activity, civil action, proceeding, legal proceeding, judicial proceeding, criminal procedure, administrative procedure,civil law suit; To a structured vocabulary: Synset: a set of words that can be interchanged in a given context { proceeding} { Activity } {judicial proceeding, legal proceeding} {criminal procedure} {administrative procedure} {civil law suit, civil action }

5 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 JurWordNet: a Descriptive Vocabulary for Legal Information It is Semantic lexicon for law: extension to the legal area of the Italian part of the EuroWordNet initiative; Methodology: - bottom-up approach; identification of the legal relevant terms from lexical resources and from the main legal information sources; - definition of synsets by semantic relations; - plug-in to the Italian WordNet JurWordNet

6 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 Jur-WordNet Figures: 1000 relevant literals selected from the Italian legislation (15,600 of 33,000 with a Italgiures frequency index between 15,000 and 25,000) 2000 syntagms from the Italgiures syntagms automatically imported and structured from 6495 key words of DOGI (Data bank on Legal Jurisprudence mapped into the JurWordNet DB: 486 terms overlapping, 315 new terms, 2223 syntagms automatically imported. JurWordNet

7 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 Inter Lingual Index ILI record (drive) guidare cavalcare muoversi Italian WordNet III cabalgar conducir mover Spanish WordNet III ride drive move English WordNet III rijden berijden betragen Dutch WordNet III II location 2nd order entity dynamicair traffic traffic road traffic Top ontologyDomain ontology II JurWordNet The EuroWordNet Architecture

8 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 Navigating Ital-WN e Jur-WN JurWordNet

9 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 LOIS- EDC Lexical Ontologies for Legal Information Sharing Duration: 24 months Person Month: Participants: ITTIG Institute of Theory and Techniques for Legal Information (IT) CELI (IT) Universidade de Évora (PT) Universiteit Leiden (NL) Czech Republic Academy of Sciences (CZ) Universität Wien (A) University of Sheffield (GB) GoNetwork (IT) CESI Multimedia (IT) Ellis Publications (NL)

10 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 Objectives (general) Localization of WordNets for the legal domain in Italian, English, German, Czech, Portuguese and Dutch; Link among concepts to enable cross-lingual access.

11 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 Objectives (User) Access to legislative corpora by unexperienced users; Better retrieval by experienced users; Cross-lingual retrieval across different national law collections;

12 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 Objectives (Applications) Multilingual source of semantic metadata for content description (conceptual standardization); Automatic Classification and Indexing (structuring legal entities); Knowledge Representation, Norms Comparison (formalization of ontological committment).

13 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 Lois Architecture

14 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 National legal WNs The Lexical Data Base conceptualizes general language entities pertaining to legal theory and legal dogmatics (structured according to the EWN methodology) The Legislative data base (EU-National Legal Concept), populated by concepts defined in European and national legislation

15 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 Levels in Legal Language Legislators language Judges discourse Legal Dogmatics Legal Theory Philosophy of Law Lexical Data Base EU-National Legal Concept

16 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 The Lexical Data Base (about 1600 synsets) synsets are linked by : internal relations cross-lingual relations : eq_synonym,eq_near_synonym,eq_has_hyperonym, eq-has_hyponym, etc. Lexical relations (syn, antonym, near-syn) Semantic relations (Hyper, Hypo, Part-of, Role, Instance, etc.)

17 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 EU-National Legal Concept EU-National legal document European Directives National Legislation Celex Def.s about 2478 concepts National Legal Concepts Implemented_as ID eq_synonym,eq_near_synonym,has_hyperonym ID

18

19 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 Structuring the domain (I) Lexical Def. ILI GLOSS - worker_1: a person who works at a specific occupation. EU Def.s: : worker_2: any person who, in the Member State concerned, is protected as an employee under national employment law and in accordance with national practice ; : worker_3: any person carrying out an occupation on board a vessel, including trainees and apprentices, but excluding port pilots and shore personnel carrying out work on board a vessel at the quayside; worker 4: any person employed by an employer, including trainees and apprentices but excluding domestic servants; : worker_5: any worker as defined in Article 3 (a) of Directive 89/391/EEC who habitually uses display screen equipment as a significant part of his normal work. Has_hyper

20 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 EU concept: device National concept: medical device National concept: active implantable medical device Has_hyper Implemented-as Nat. Conc. : device Near-syn Has_hyper Structuring the domain (II)

21 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 Core Ontology: physical object social object EU concept: device National concept: medical device National concept: active implantable medical device Has_hyper Is-subclass-of Structuring the domain (III)

22 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 Legal Ontologies Dolce: a Descriptive Ontology for Linguistic and Cognitive Engineering extended to Descriptions and Situations ( LOA-CNR.IT, Laboratory for Applied Ontology, part of the Insitute of Cognitive Sciences and Technology- CNR ) LRI-Core ontology for law ( Amsterdam University )

23 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 Subsuming synsets into the ontological categories of Dolce D&S Non-physical Endurant. - Social Concepts - Roles:legal agent,defendant,owner, asset - Figures: company, Ministry, Committee, -Description:right,duty,promise,norm,liability, contract Situation: crime, marriage,institutional facts...

24 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 Comparing: Entities and Properties in Dolce D&S Analitic metada/text strings in Nir In D&S a norm is a modal description composed by: a Legal subject: (company) who plays a legal role (stock-owner) participating-in a behaviour (selling-stock ) a deontic-attitude(has-duty-to) modalizing a task (make public-balance-sheet)

25 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 Comparing: Entities and Properties in Dolce D&S Analitic metada/text strings in Nir The Contractor must notify the Commission twenty days in advance

26 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 O NTO N OMOS Gruppo Nazionale di Competenza su Ontologie del Diritto e loro Applicazioni

27 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 O NTO N OMOS gruppi coinvolti Laboratorio di Ontologia Applicata, ISTC-CNR Nicola Guarino, Aldo Gangemi, Jos Lehmann, Emanuele Bottazzi, Geri Steve Istituto di Teoria e Tecniche dellInformazione Giuridica, CNR Nicola Palazzolo, Daniela Tiscornia, Carlo Biagioli, Maria Teresa Sagri, Paolo Bussotti Istituto di Linguistica Computazionale, CNR Nicoletta Calzolari, Claudia Soria, Francesca Bertagna Dipartimento di Informatica, Università di Torino Leonardo Lesmo, Guido Boella Dipartimento di Scienze Giuridiche, Università di Torino Piercarlo Rossi, Gianmaria Ajani, Lelio Lantella Dipartimento di Filosofia, Università di Torino Maurizio Ferraris, Tiziana Andina Università di Bologna, Centro Interdipartimentale di Ricerca in Storia del Diritto, Filosofia e Sociologia del Diritto e Informatica Giuridica, Dipartimento di Informatica, Giovanni Sartor, Monica Palmirani, fabio Vitali Istituto di Filosofia e Sociologia del Diritto, Università di Milano Paolo Di Lucia

28 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 O NTO N OMOS partners istituzionali Direzione Generale per i Sistemi Informativi Automatizzati, Ministero della Giustizia Floretta Rolleri Centro Nazionale per l'Informatica nella Pubblica Amministrazione, Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri Caterina Lupo

29 Workshop on Legal Standard Furore April 6-8 O NTO N OMOS obbiettivi iniziali Organizzazione giornata di studi su rappresentazione ontologica di normativa diritto di recesso. Scopi: –far conoscere a interlocutori istituzionali patrimonio italiano di competenze nel settore ontologie del diritto –individuare problemi specifici da affrontare e risolvere tramite approccio ontologico –chiarire natura interdisciplinare approccio ontologico –evidenziare benefici (per amministrazione pubblica, per cittadino) di un centro di competenza come O NTO N OMOS.


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