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© IFE Halden VRC Il contributo della Realtà Virtuale nel progetto e nella gestione processi a rischio Le attività presso Halden Virtual.

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Presentazione sul tema: "© IFE Halden VRC Il contributo della Realtà Virtuale nel progetto e nella gestione processi a rischio Le attività presso Halden Virtual."— Transcript della presentazione:

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2 © IFE Halden VRC Il contributo della Realtà Virtuale nel progetto e nella gestione processi a rischio Le attività presso Halden Virtual Reality Center Ing. Massimo Sepielli - ENEA - Servizio Calcolo e Modellistica Delegato ENEA presso HRP - MTO

3 © IFE Halden VRC La realtà virtuale (VR O RV) è una tecnologia che consente di ricreare, tramite computer, mondi e oggetti che sono la trasposizione digitale di ambienti reali o di fantasia. RV è un modo per visualizzare, manipolare e interagire con dati estremamente complessi per mezzo di una simulazione che, in ambienti immersivi, viene percepita totalmente dai nostri sensi, in particolare dalla vista, seguita dalludito e dal tatto. DEFINIZIONI Introduzione alla RV

4 © IFE Halden VRC Utente sceglie Interazione Realismo (rendering: resa realistica degli oggetti rappresentati, real-time) Immersività, senso di presenza (I/O video/audio) Cooperazione (Telepresenza) PECULIARITA Differenze con la grafica tradizionale (CAD) Introduzione alla RV

5 © IFE Halden VRC Cinema/TV/intrattenimento Divulgazione scientifica, istruzioni al pubblico Simulazione dei fenomeni trasportistici Progettazione di grandi strutture Progettazione e addestramento di vettori prototipo Simulazione di fenomeni microscopici Restauro virtuale Visione virtuale per robot simulazione in medicina e chirurgia (Virtual Surgery) Progettazione sale controllo Addestramento e supporto operatori Pianificazione e simulazione di attività a rischio APPLICAZIONI Introduzione alla RV

6 © IFE Halden VRC -Decision-making collaborativo -Penetrazione su problemi complessi -Costi di produzione e di lavoro -NON PRATICABILITA, danno e spesa ambienti fisici reali -Dimostrativi di prodotti -Acquisizione di capacità e apprendimento dei concetti -Esplorazione intuitiva VANTAGGI IN CAMPO INDUSTRIALE Introduzione alla RV

7 © IFE Halden VRC By : T. Johnsen Virtual Reality for Design, Planning and Training Le attività di Halden

8 © IFE Halden VRC Halden VR Centre VR Centre was established in 1996 The activities started out as Bilateral IFE projects work for Norwegian and international industry VR research increasingly more important Le attività di Halden

9 © IFE Halden VRC Why VR in Halden Project? Unique multi-disciplinary work Right staff end experience Human Factors Process Knowledge Computer Science Solve Real World Problems Le attività di Halden

10 © IFE Halden VRC Primary Areas of Focus Control room engineering Decommissioning planning Training and Simulation VR support tools development Le attività di Halden

11 © IFE Halden VRC Use of Virtual Reality in Control Room Engineering (CRE) Le attività di Halden

12 © IFE Halden VRC Why Use VR in CRE? Costly physical mock-up not necessary Design can be modified quickly and easily to prototype different solutions in a short period of time Can evaluate a design against ergonomic data, guidelines and recommendations Save time and money in addition to a more optimal design solution Le attività di Halden

13 © IFE Halden VRC CRE Nuclear Reference List 2000-NorwayHalden BWR 2000-FranceEDF CRE Advanced Toolkit Env 1999SwedenRinghals Nuclear Power Plant 1998SwedenForsmark NPP 1997SwedenBarsebäck NPP 1996-SwedenOskarshamn NPP Le attività di Halden

14 © IFE Halden VRC VR for Decommissioning Le attività di Halden

15 © IFE Halden VRC Why VR in Decommissioning Intuitive visualisation of the process Intuitive visualisation of the process Rapid prototyping of possible solutions Rapid prototyping of possible solutions Optimisation of radiation exposure Optimisation of radiation exposure Visualise radiation Visualise radiation On-line information On-line information Route recording Route recording Save time and money Save time and money Better planning and administration (info archiving) Better planning and administration (info archiving) Improved quality of training Improved quality of training Authority demonstration (briefing) Authority demonstration (briefing) Public acceptance Public acceptance Le attività di Halden

16 © IFE Halden VRC The VRdose System A bilateral project for Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC) A virtual reality application for: Work simulation. Dose-rate visualisation. Occupational dose calculation. Desktop based VR system using Java and Internet technology Le attività di Halden - VR-Dose

17 © IFE Halden VRC Fugen Nuclear Power Station The Fugen reactor is situated in Fukui, in the centre-western part of Japan. (one hour by train from Kyoto) Fugen is a 165MWe, heavy water moderated, light-water cooled pressure-tube type reactor. It went into commercial operation in Decommissioning will start March 2003, and will take about 20 years. KYOTO Outlook of Fugen Le attività di Halden - VR-Dose

18 © IFE Halden VRC Moving through the VR Model of Fugen Le attività di Halden - VR-Dose

19 © IFE Halden VRC Scenarios In a Scenario one or more manikin workers perform work tasks inside the NPP. In order to distinguish between workers, each gets a different colouring either on the suit or the helmet. Each worker also has a name and a description that can be edited by the user. Le attività di Halden - VR-Dose

20 © IFE Halden VRC Camera View The user can view the scene from a virtual camera… Le attività di Halden - VR-Dose

21 © IFE Halden VRC Manikin View..or from the eyes of one of the manikins. Le attività di Halden - VR-Dose

22 © IFE Halden VRC Manikin View with radiation Information Le attività di Halden - VR-Dose

23 © IFE Halden VRC Radiation Landscape Visualisation A surface plot of the dose-rate in the area around the spectator is also provided. The data in this plot are measurement interpolations at the chest (dosimeter) height of a person viewing the model from the virtual cameras position. Le attività di Halden - VR-Dose

24 © IFE Halden VRC Scenario Recording A scenario is recorded as a set of routes with action markers. Each of these routes or work tasks belongs to a manikin. Le attività di Halden - VR-Dose

25 © IFE Halden VRC Playback of Scenarios On playback the manikin will walk the route as recorded, doing work or handling objects on the markers where the user has recorded such actions. The manikin is also pausing on markers where it has been synchronized to wait for other manikins to finish their tasks. Le attività di Halden - VR-Dose

26 © IFE Halden VRC Scenario Creation Le attività di Halden - VR-Dose

27 © IFE Halden VRC The Dose-Rate of a Work Task In the scenario recording, routes with markers of positions and duration at each position are generated. These routes may afterwards be assigned to real life workers from the system worker database. Le attività di Halden - VR-Dose

28 © IFE Halden VRC The Database Interface Le attività di Halden - VR-Dose

29 © IFE Halden VRC Libreria di oggetti A bank of decommissioning tools is being made. These tools can be inserted into the Fugen model and used by the manikins in the scenarios. Examples: Le attività di Halden - VR-Dose

30 © IFE Halden VRC Taglio di oggetti In a dismantling process, cutting of various large objects will be necessary. This is a complicated task in VR, and a module for cutting pipes is being made this year. Le attività di Halden - VR-Dose

31 © IFE Halden VRC VRDose e ambiente di progetto A more user friendly interface is under development. In the decommissioning project, JNC will use the planning and work estimation system COSMARD by JAERI. The new user interface of VRdose will try to reflect the COSMARD work breakdown. Based on COSMARD, a wizard for scenario recording will help the user to enter information into the system. Le attività di Halden - VR-Dose

32 © IFE Halden VRC Ansaldo Nucleare interest in IFE/HRP R&D Activities Human-machine interface b) VIRTUAL REALITY possible future interest in the development of an integrated tool (Intergraph, VR, Dose Calculation) Essential need: - tool allowing fast updating of radiation field after dismantling and/or removing of parts; (optional: dynamic visualisation of movements of components or parts, for optimisation of time, doses and procedures) AnsaldoEnergia Una Società Finmeccanica Meeting Ansaldo Nucleare Meeting ENEA - IFE Halden Reactor Project - Italian Interest Group Divisione di ANSALDO ENERGIA S.p.A. ENEA - IFE Halden Reactor Project - Italian Interest Group Lambiente di design Ansaldo - So.G.I.N.

33 © IFE Halden VRC PROJECT STRUCTURE AUTOCAD DESIGN REVIEW (Walk through) 3D GRAPHIC MODEL 3D MODELLING INTERGRAPH DATABASE ACCESS REPORTS VIRTUAL REALITY (HALDEN) Lambiente di design Ansaldo - So.G.I.N.

34 © IFE Halden VRC Purpose: VR-Based Training A major application area for VR A major application area for VR Highly relevant for the nuclear industry Highly relevant for the nuclear industry Provides a safe environment for hazardous operations training Provides a safe environment for hazardous operations training Training for one-time operations Training for one-time operations Maintenance training Maintenance training Le attività di Halden

35 © IFE Halden VRC Why VR in Training Learn by doing Active off-the-job learning Explorative and procedural/guided training Improve safety Safety-critical operations can be performed at any time and as frequently as necessary in a secure environment Improve performance in actual operations Reduce time and improve effectiveness, Reduce errors, Save money More flexible than review More realistic, more fidelity Le attività di Halden

36 © IFE Halden VRC VR Training Experiments Conduct experiment on fidelity requirements for different types of training in VR Conduct experiment on fidelity requirements for different types of training in VR Types of training Types of training Procedural knowledge Procedural knowledge Assembly knowledge Assembly knowledge Spatial / environmental configuration knowledge Spatial / environmental configuration knowledge Levels of fidelity (immersion, presence) Levels of fidelity (immersion, presence) Desktop VR Desktop VR Stereoscopic – Large screen Stereoscopic – Large screen HMD HMD Identify cost-effective VR training technology to effectively improve different types of performance Identify cost-effective VR training technology to effectively improve different types of performance Le attività di Halden

37 © IFE Halden VRC Training 1: Task Visualisation Procedures Procedures Assembly (visualization) Assembly (visualization) Desktop is sufficient Le attività di Halden

38 © IFE Halden VRC Assembly (task) Assembly (task) HMD / Data glove required Training 2: Assembly Task Le attività di Halden

39 © IFE Halden VRC Spatial configuration Spatial configuration Stereoscopic is sufficient Training 3: Moving in the space Le attività di Halden

40 © IFE Halden VRC Selected Projects 1999-HRPDecommissioning Planning 1999DemoExplosives Training 1998NorwayStatnett National Power Distr. Centre Statnett National Power Distr. Centre Hazardous high-voltage environment 2000-RussiaLeningrad Nuclear Power Plant 1998EUASSIST Toolkit (EU ESPRIT project) VR applied to intelligent training 1998NorwayStatnett National Power Distr. Centre Statnett National Power Distr. Centre Maintenance of a Gas Insulated System Le attività di Halden

41 © IFE Halden VRC Nellambito del HRP General Programme: Nellambito del HRP General Programme: Riunione maggio 2000 HRP- SoGIN-Ansaldo- RAD Riunione maggio 2000 HRP- SoGIN-Ansaldo- RAD Studio di fattibilità Studio di fattibilità Preparazione contratto bilaterale and technical annex Preparazione contratto bilaterale and technical annex 12 mesi con quattro deliverable: 12 mesi con quattro deliverable: 1) modelli dellenvironment e delle SaG 1) modelli dellenvironment e delle SaG 2) framework che unisce tutti gli ambienti già esistenti 2) framework che unisce tutti gli ambienti già esistenti 3) simulazione delle task di lavoro 3) simulazione delle task di lavoro 4) simulazione di scenari operativi 4) simulazione di scenari operativi Progetto VirtualDecom

42 Module Architecture Il progetto VirtualDecom CAD system 3D model data Dose Calculatio n Human radiation dose DB Data conversio n VRML models Walking- through (navigation) Editing Scenario (manikins) Scenario DB Radiation/ Contaminatio n maps Advanced 3D module (displac./ collision/ cut/ assemblin g/ disassem b.)

43 © IFE Halden VRC Macchine - PC (MS Windows) con adeguate risorse RAM, Processori, acceleratori grafici - Macchine ed interfacce dedicate (tipo S.G.i., input - output immersivo) Linguaggi -Linguaggi commerciali JAVA 3D e VRML 97, Web-browsers CosmoPlayer, Cortona per Explorer/Netscape Ambienti : - AUTOCAD 2000, foto digitali per Textures -Integrazione con ambienti di progettazione (Intergraph / Cosmard) -VR: Multigen Paradigm, DVmockup RISORSE INFORMATICHE

44 © IFE Halden VRC CAMO: Competenze modellistiche e interfaccia verso Halden INFO: Ambienti VR dedicati e competenze FIS: utilizzo di VR per progettazione sale controllo per applicazioni nucleari sperimentali Creazione di un laboratorio stabile di VR ENEA polifunzionale SINERGIE ENEA

45 © IFE Halden VRC Goals del progetto VirtualDecom Planning tool (optimised) Planning tool (optimised) Procedure verification Procedure verification Demonstrating to ANPA Demonstrating to ANPA Operator Training Operator Training Teamwork Teamwork Introducing technology Introducing technology Demonstrating to public Demonstrating to public Il progetto VirtualDecom

46 © IFE Halden VRC Fasi di VIRTUALDECOM Dismantling environment and glove-box VR model Dismantling environment and glove-box VR model Operator (manikins) walk-through Operator (manikins) walk-through Radiation dose 3-D visualisation vs GB contamination maps (2D,3D) Radiation dose 3-D visualisation vs GB contamination maps (2D,3D) Simulation of GB dismantling operations: displacement (collision detection), cut, disassembling / re-assembling (packaging) Simulation of GB dismantling operations: displacement (collision detection), cut, disassembling / re-assembling (packaging) Scenario generation, recording and play-back Scenario generation, recording and play-back Il progetto VirtualDecom

47 © IFE Halden VRC Input data 3-D real CAD data (Autocad 2000, multi- layering and object definition) 3-D real CAD data (Autocad 2000, multi- layering and object definition) Textures Textures Glove-box contamination maps (measured by ISOCS gamma - spectrometer) Glove-box contamination maps (measured by ISOCS gamma - spectrometer) Calculated dose validated by measurements Calculated dose validated by measurements Il progetto VirtualDecom

48 © IFE Halden VRC CAD della Glove Box Il progetto VirtualDecom

49 © IFE Halden VRC Computer platform Java 2 JRE 1.3 Java 2 JRE 1.3 Java 3D Java 3D Microsoft Windows 2000 with an OpenGL-based Java 3D Microsoft Windows 2000 with an OpenGL-based Java 3D Microsoft Windows 2000 OpenGL with a graphics card supported by Sun/Java 3D Microsoft Windows 2000 OpenGL with a graphics card supported by Sun/Java 3D HP HP-UX, IBM AIX HP HP-UX, IBM AIX Sun Solaris (SPARC), Linux (Intel and PowerPC) Sun Solaris (SPARC), Linux (Intel and PowerPC) Microsoft Windows 98/NT/ME/2000 OpenGL (Intel) Microsoft Windows 98/NT/ME/2000 OpenGL (Intel) Microsoft Windows 98/ME/2000 DirectX (Intel) Microsoft Windows 98/ME/2000 DirectX (Intel) SGI computers with immersive VR interfaces (IMMERSADESK), when SGI updates its Java 3D version (to Java 3D 1.2.1) for IRIX SGI computers with immersive VR interfaces (IMMERSADESK), when SGI updates its Java 3D version (to Java 3D 1.2.1) for IRIX Il progetto VirtualDecom


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