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Maurilio Manzoni IBM System x Channel Development manager E per lo sviluppo di un ambiente IT flessibile e conveniente: consigli pratici per consolidare.

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Presentazione sul tema: "Maurilio Manzoni IBM System x Channel Development manager E per lo sviluppo di un ambiente IT flessibile e conveniente: consigli pratici per consolidare."— Transcript della presentazione:

1 Maurilio Manzoni IBM System x Channel Development manager E per lo sviluppo di un ambiente IT flessibile e conveniente: consigli pratici per consolidare e virtualizzare IBM Systems NUOVO IMPULSO AL VOSTRO BUSINESS CON LA…STOCCATA VINCENTE!

2 tutti i servers sono uguali

3 Ci differenziamo attraverso linnovazione nella tecnologia che conta Technology Innovation BladeCenter EXA Architecture Server Virtualization IO Virtualization Energy Efficiency Storage Innovation

4 ……As one measure of this leadership, we announced that for the 16th consecutive year we were No. 1 in U.S. patents, with over 4,000 in Thats more than the total of Microsoft, HP, and Cisco combined. Consistent with the direction of our business, over 70 percent of our patents were for software and services…… Mark Loughridge, IBMs Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer.

5 business as usual = strada senza uscita Spazio insufficiente Impossibilita a fornire lenergia necessaria (power e/o cooling) Human resource / cost challenges Vulnerabilita ad hackers e attacchi

6 Cosa succede quando si virtualizza? Tuttavia, possono emergere nuove complessita Con i giusti strumenti le risorse virtualizzate possono essere facilmente create, aggiustate, mosse, clonate, monitorate e controllate Crescita rapida di risorse virtualizzate cross ambienti multipli Relazione delle risorse virtualizzate con il sottostante strato fisico Monitoraggio della salute e determinazione dei problemi tra infrastruttura fisica e virtualizzata Virtualization changes everything

7 Le maggiori sfide che i clienti hanno in testa Ho troppi servers da gestire, di fornitori diversi Non ho abbastanza potenza e capacita di raffreddamento nella mia server room da poter installare ancora server Il mio budget per la gestione dei server e molto facile che verra tagliato

8 Che cosa guida oggi il mercato ?? Si cerca la riduzione dei costi di acquisizione e operativi attraverso il deployment di workloads mission-critical su sistemi x86, guidando cosi la necessita di high availability I costi di gestione dei sistemi sono cresciuti sette volte piu rapidamente dei costi hardware 1 I costi di power & cooling sono pure cresciuti il business medio ora spende circa 50 cents di power & cooling per ogni dollaro speso di hardware 2 x86 processor technology diventa sempre piu potente e capace di far girare applicazioni di business piu grandi e piu sofisticate che aiutano a ridurre i costi dellIT I costi della gestione dei server stanno rapidamente superando leffettivo costo della vita dellhardware La proliferazione dei servers sta consumando prezioso spazio, consumando budget IT, consumando budget per impianti elettrici/di raffreddamento 1. IDC, Directions 2007, CIO Strategies to Build the Next Generation Data Center, Doc #DR2007_5VT, February IDC, Virtualization 2.0: The Next Phase in Customer Adoption, Doc #204904, December 2006

9 I costi di gestione sono cresciuti di 8 volte nellultimo decennio FACILE IDC Directions 2007, CIO Strategies to Build the Next Generation Data Center, Doc #DR2007_5VT, Feb 2007

10 In che classe e il vs frigorifero ? E il vs server ?

11 Dove va tipicamente lenergia in un datacenter ? Data center Data source: Creating Energy-Efficient Data Centers,, U.S. Department of Energy, Data Center Facilities and Engineering Conference, May 18, %35% IT Load 60%40% Cooling and Power conversions Server loads 70%30% Idle Resource usage rate Server hardware Power supply, memory, fans, planar, drives... Processor 65%35%

12 …………" Consolidamento", "Virtualizzazione", "Sicurezza" Sono queste le "parole chiave" che individuano i temi principali su cui è puntata l'attenzione di tutti i Responsabili EDP. Dopo il momento dell' entusiasmo nello sviluppo delle nuove tecnologie, la maggior parte di noi ritiene giunto il momento di…. fare un po' d'ordine ……….

13 13IBM Systems and Technology Group A common set of blades A common set of industry-standard switches and I/O fabrics Common management infrastructure The RIGHT choice of chassis… IBM BladeCenter S Distributed, small office, easy to configure IBM BladeCenter E Enterprise, best efficiency, best density IBM BladeCenter H Enterprise high performance IBM BladeCenter T Ruggedized, short- depth IBM BladeCenter HT Ruggedized, high performance Stable platform through 2011+… …not rip & replace!

14 14IBM Systems and Technology Group Office-friendly 100V/220V Power Supplies – 2 Plugs is all you need to get up and running Easy access to shared USB ports & optical drive Ideal for tiered workloads; SAS and SATA disks can be mixed in BladeCenter S using RAID 0, 1, and 10 7U Service label cards slot enable quick and easy reference to BladeCenter S Meet the IBM BladeCenter S A mobile datacenter-in-a-box starting at $2,599 USD Ideal for all-in-one configurations, legacy & future servers supported Battery Backup for SAS RAID Controller Module

15 15IBM Systems and Technology Group Ideal way to deploy BladeCenter S into office environments Includes Acoustical Module built into the back Optional Air Filter on the front Locking door for security Mobile with rollers 33% (4U) extra room to grow IBM BladeCenter S – Office Enablement Kit

16 16IBM Systems and Technology Group HS21 XM Virtualization HS12 Entry & SMB LS22 High Performance Computing HS21 General Purpose Enterprise QS22 High-performance A common set of blades A common set of industry-standard switches and I/O fabrics Common management infrastructure The RIGHT choice – not just the ONLY choice JS22 High-performance with native virtualization JS12 Express Great Value for AIX and IBM i LS42 Scalable, enterprise performance

17 17IBM Systems and Technology Group QS22 Cell/B.E. IBM BladeCenter QS22 Latest Cell/B.E. processor based blade 7x faster than latest industry standard servers – Standard HPC - Life Science, Financial, Math benchmarks Used standalone or in conjunction with other processing blades Supported by standard Linux OS (RHEL 5.2) Double precision floating point Up to 32GB of memory Themis T2BC Blade Server UltraSPARC T2 server works in any BladeCenter chassis Simplifies moving Sun Solaris workloads to BladeCenter –Removes need to port Solaris applications to a new architecture Runs UltraSPARC applications under Solaris 10 –Can run Solaris 8 or 9 applications with Migration Assistant Compatible with Sun management Announced. Shipping Today. Only from IBM. More Choice, More Flexibility. Blade.org – clearly out in front The Competition Cant Touch This!

18 18IBM Systems and Technology Group Simplify legacy application migration with the PCI Expansion Module –Support 2 standard form factor PCI-X or PCI-Express adapters –Available only from IBM BladeCenter Move more applications to blades with the Storage and I/O Expansion Blade –3 hot-swap SAS hard disk drives; up to 5 total hard drives per blade –RAID-5 with battery-backed cache –Support up to 10 ports for rich I/O configurations Boost memory and I/O performance with the Memory and I/O Expansion Blade –Support for 4 DIMMs, 2 additional Ethernet ports and additional I/O Turn high-speed switch bays into standard switch bays with the Multi-Switch Interconnect Module –Add up to 4 additional legacy Ethernet or Fibre-Channel switches per chassis IBM Expansion Blades Support for diverse application needs

19 19IBM Systems and Technology Group Ethernet Fibre Channel InfiniBand InfiniBand Fibre Channel InfiniBand 1Gb Ethernet iSCSI SAS Pass Through Fibre Channel 1Gb, 10Gb Ethernet The RIGHT choice in I/O & storage… A common set of blades A common set of industry-standard switches and I/O fabrics Common management infrastructure

20 20IBM Systems and Technology Group Blade Storage Best Practice Shared External Solid State On board Fibre SAS In chassis (BCS) iSCSI SSD uDOC (USB Flash) Hot swap Fixed disk Best

21 21IBM Systems and Technology Group Innovative alternative to traditional hard disks –Ideal for boot environments with low writes –32GB single drives available on the HS21, HS21 XM and LS21 Smarter solution –MTBF rates are more than double that of conventional SAS drives –Two 16GB solid state drives occupy the space of one traditional hard disk drive bay –87% less power *Source: Carnegie Mellon University Study, 2007 (http://www.usenix.org/events/fast07/tech/schroeder/schroeder_html/index.html) Solid State DriveHS1 2 HS21HS21 XMLS22LS42 16GB NHS Single Solid State 16GB NHS Dual Solid State 32GB NHS Single Solid State Less power, more savings Solid State – Reliable and Robust Local Storage

22 Una immagine vale piu di mille parole ; Quale soluzione vorreste avere a casa vostra ? oppure Soluzione A Soluzione IBM

23 virtualizzazione Una rappresentazione logica delle risorse senza vincoli dovuti a limitazioni fisiche Creare molte risorse virtuali in un unico dispositivo fisico Estendere beyond the boxvedere e gestire diverse risorse virtuali come una sola Dinamicamente cambiare e regolare lintera infrastruttura

24 UNIX ® x86 Mainframe Used Idle The Importance of Virtualisation > 80% 15% - 20% <6%

25 Virtualizzazione in un Server Singolo POWER Hypervisor i5/OS AIX Linux Intel - AMD based servers –VMware, Xen, MS Virtual Server,.. Windows Linux … Linux -RED HAT -Novell SUSE -… 64 bit z/Architecture –Hypervisor z/OS z/VM Linux

26 Server Fisici Server VirtualiVMware Server Fisici 2007 Server Virtuali VMwareAltro Server Fisici Tecnologie varie di virtualizzazione Server Fisici Consolidamento Fisico Consolidamento Fisico & Virtuale From Tower to Rack From Rack to Blade Installazioni server x86 Mission CriticalNON - Mission Critical Pochi ma buoni Evoluzione del mercato virtuale Tanti e.. meno buoni

27 Physical (Partitioning, Interconnections) Application Container vm Mgmt Hypervisor Level 2 (Host OS) Level 1 (no Host OS) Para-Virtual CPU HW Assist Intel-VTAMD-V VMware VI3 VMware Server Microsoft Virtual Server Sun Solaris Containers Virtuozzo (SWsoft) Xen IBM Scalability (X4) VMware VirtualCenter Virtual Iron Vizioncore ESXRanger Higher Mgmt P2V, backup, broker, HA, PlateSpin PowerConvert Recon Symantec LiveState Connection Broker VMware Converter IBM VM IBM TUAM, TPM, RDM XenSourceNovell Xen With HW Assist Qumranet KVM Hyper V X86 Virtualization – Positioning

28 x86 Virtualization Trends Percent of Organizations using Virtualization for Production Workloads Percent of Installed Servers using Virtualization Source: Merrill Lynch, IT Hardware CIO Survey, May 2007

29 La strategia per Virtualizzare con i System x Supporto degli industry standard per tecnologie hypervisor Essere un riferimento leader tra le piattaforme hardware Offrire una soluzione completa per la gestione

30 Proprieta delle macchina virtuali Hardware Independence Una macchina virtuale gira senza legami specifici con lHW Partizionamento Molteplici macchine virtuali girano simultaneamente su un singolo server/PC Isolamento/ Secure La macchina virtuale e isolata dal Host OS, e dalle altre VMs Incapsulamento Lintera VM e salvata in files. Puo essere spostata e/o copiata come un qualsiasi file

31 Maggior utilizzo dell HW Prima di VMwareDopo VMware La virtualizzazione permette il consolidamento di workloads da servers sottoutilizzati su un singolo server per ottenere un maggior utilizzo in piena sicurezza

32 I clienti virtualizzano per: consolidare risparmiare energia la flessibilita l alta affidabilita Anche per applicazioni particolari la continuita di servizio Anche durante gli aggiornamenti (es. SO, sw, fix per DB..) il D/R facilitato il costo di gestione basso

33 Regole per la Virtualizzazione Evitare gli Hot spot – Riducendo il rischio di più carichi di lavoro saturando un dato server –Se i server virtuali sono posizionati su più server di piccola dimensione (per esempio quatto macchine con 2 processori) piuttosto che su di un server più grande (per esempio un 8 processori) allora le richieste di risorse da un particolare workload possono saturare un dato server fisico mentre un altro sarebbe sottoutilizzato Un server condiviso ma di maggiore dimensione/potenza può evitare hot spot artificiali che impattano il livello di servizio (throughput e tempo di risposta). Disporre di risorse hardware stimando possibili carichi di lavoro futuri –Spesso è il caso di pianificare una nuova configurazione multi-sistema se le richieste di risorse da parte di alcuni sistemi/workload non sono noti con precisione. In questi casi si ha un gran vantaggio usando un server scalabile come x3850M2 per ospitare diversi server virtuali in modo da gestire le sorprese di un particolare sistema/workload senza acquisire altro hardware per il server o apportando modifiche fisiche. Capacità di soddisfare picchi di carico. –Con un grosso server piuttosto che con N server più piccoli, cè una grande probabilità che un processore sia libero in qualche intervallo di tempo per gestire picchi per qualsiasi aumento di carico.

34 Virtualizzazione Posizionamento /Portfolio u n approccio olistico Il cliente sta cercando…..…

35 35IBM Systems and Technology Group 32GB (growing) FB DIMMs Embedded Hypervisor 2 x SSD 8 ports of IO IBM High end virtualizations Best when hosting multiple high performance VMs Choose when OS images average more than 2GB of memory per VM or has SMP VM's Fewest number of systems to manage Truly scalable, balanced system Scale up IBM BladeCenter Total Infrastructure consolidation Best when concerned about aggregation – too many eggs in one basket Choose when OS images average less than 2GB of memory per VM Low power, heat, super dense Balanced system performance Scale out x3850 M2 HS21XM Memory I/O Virtualization – To Blade or Not to Blade CPU System Balance

36 x86 server: la scelta per la virtualizzazione Integrazione Riduzione Utilizzo Semplificazione dell Infrastruttura Supporto alle Applicazioni Server consolidation PiattaformaIBM BladeCenter ® IBM System x TM 2-processori rack & tower IBM System x TM 4+ processori rack DescrizioneIntegrazione di risorse server, networking e storage Combinare alcune applicazioni su un singolo server per un migliore utilizzo Consolidare un buon numero di server poco utilizzati per un migliore TCO Peculiarità Disponibilità Hardware Densità del Packaging Gestione Unificata Risparmio energetico e di raffreddamento Industry-standard design Prezzo/prestazioni Compatibilità Prestazioni Scalabilita Robustezza e affidabilità dei componenti Semplificazione dell Infrastruttura Supporto alle ApplicazioniServer consolidation PiattaformaIBM BladeCenter ® IBM System x TM 2- processori rack & tower IBM System x TM 4+processori rack & tower DescrizioneIntegrazione di risorse server, networking e storage Combinare alcune applicazioni su un singolo server per un migliore utilizzo Consolidare un buon numero di server poco utilizzati per un migliore TCO Peculiarità Disponibilità Hardware Densità del Packaging Gestione Unificata Risparmio energetico e di raffreddamento Server mobility Funzionalità di High availability/disaster recovery Industry-standard design Prezzo/prestazioni Compatibilità Più applicazioni per server Alto utilizzo delle risorse Prestazioni Scalabilita Robustezza e affidabilità dei componenti Isolamento Applicativo Riduzione dei sistemi fisici Installazione rapida dei sistemi

37 Why Is Sizing Important?? There are so many sizing considerations, both the source and target Consider just the Source server –Average and Peak CPU utilization –Average and Peak memory utilization –Page Size and page extents –Disk I/O throughput –Network I/O throughput And now the Target server –CPU Utilization –Memory Utilization –Page size page extents –Disk I/O throughput Virtualization efforts are only successful if they are sized appropriately

38 IBM continues to lead in x86 server market virtualization IBM System x Enterprise Servers –IBM x3850M2 – Best of Show VMWorld 2007 –Multi-architecture support (VMware, XEN, Microsoft Hyper V etc.) –Extensive collaboration with market virtualization leader First VMware ® system vendor First joint development partner First to leverage VMware ® SDK First to offer comprehensive support First to integrate VMware ® into Virtual Client Solution First to integrate VMware ® ESXi Recommended virtualization design –…better to purchase two four-way ESX Server licenses than to purchase four two-way machines. Similarly, two eight-way servers will provide more scheduling flexibility than four four-way servers…* *VMware Tips & Tricks for Implementing Infrastructure Services on ESX Server

39 Ma siamo probabilmente a meta strada …… (forse meno) Abbiamo ottimizzato i nostri server ……

40 Mancano i desktop …..

41 IBM Client Consolidation (CCON) – Muovere i workloads dai desktop ai datacenter ….… You are probably familiar with server consolidation using virtualization (SCON) Now consolidate desktop workloads onto servers using Client Consolidation (CCON) Three IBM approaches to CCON: –Shared Services: Server based applications or desktops deployed in shared services models such as Citrix, where users share a single OS –Virtual Client: uses virtualization of client OS and applications on servers to deliver client computing, specially integrated and priced for client workloads (VMware) –Workstation Blades: Uses workstation class hardware installed in the data center to host a connection to a thin client device. Typically, 1 blade per user. CCON Workstation Blades Shared Services Virtual Client (VCS)

42 CCON (Client Consolidation) architectures Users get sessions on a shared Server OS Shared Services Server OS User4 session User3 session User2 session User1 session Server Virtual Client Client OS User1 User2 Server Hypervisor (VMware ESX Server) Users get dedicated OS sessions on a shared Server Workstation Blade Client OS WKS Blade Blade Chassis Client OS WKS Blade Client OS WKS Blade User1 User2 Users get dedicated sessions on dedicated Blades CCON

43 The 6 Layers of a Virtual Client Solution Virtualizing Desktops with a Server-hosted Architecture Ethernet/ Wireless Shared Storage Developer Desktops Outsourced or Branch Office PCs, Call Centers Remote / Laptop Users Microsoft Active Directory / LDAP (Manages Users) BC or BC-H HS21 LS21 LS41 x3650 x3850 DS3400/4700 x3755 x3950 Virtual Center (Assigns VMs) System x Servers BladeCenter Blades IBM TotalStorage Fault & security isolated 1. Thin Client Front-end 3. User Management 4. Virtualization Software 5. Datacenter Hardware 2. Network 6. Systems Management Connection broker Server

44 Benefici Consolidando/Virtualizzando i Client Creazione/cancellazione account Accesso internet Gestione antivirus Aggiornamento SO Aggiornamento Applicativi e sw dambiente Alta Affidabilità Gestione muletti Uniformità del parco Ottimizzazione delle risorse dedicate

45 Domande o Commenti ? Grazie ! Maurilio Manzoni

46 46IBM Systems and Technology Group Legal Information and Trademarks The following terms are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both: IBM, IBM Logo, on demand business logo, TotalStorage, Enterprise Storage Server, xSeries,BladeCenter, eServer, ServeRAID and FlashCopy. The following are trademarks or registered trademarks of other companies. Intel is a trademark of the Intel Corporation in the United States and other countries. Java and all Java-related trademarks and logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Lotus, Notes, and Domino are trademarks or registered trademarks of Lotus Development Corporation. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds. Microsoft, Windows and Windows NT are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. SET and Secure Electronic Transaction are trademarks owned by SET Secure Electronic Transaction LLC. UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other countries. * All other products may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies. Notes: Performance is in Internal Throughput Rate (ITR) ratio based on measurements and projections using standard IBM benchmarks in a controlled environment. The actual throughput that any user will experience will vary depending upon considerations such as the amount of multiprogramming in the user's job stream, the I/O configuration, the storage configuration, and the workload processed. Therefore, no assurance can be given that an individual user will achieve throughput improvements equivalent to the performance ratios stated here. IBM hardware products are manufactured from new parts, or new and serviceable used parts. Regardless, our warranty terms apply. All customer examples cited or described in this presentation are presented as illustrations of the manner in which some customers have used IBM products and the results they may have achieved. Actual environmental costs and performance characteristics will vary depending on individual customer configurations and conditions. This publication was produced in the United States. IBM may not offer the products, services or features discussed in this document in other countries, and the information may be subject to change without notice. Consult your local IBM business contact for information on the product or services available in your area. All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only. Information about non-IBM products is obtained from the manufacturers of those products or their published announcements. IBM has not tested those products and cannot confirm the performance, compatibility, or any other claims related to non-IBM products. Questions on the capabilities of non-IBM products should be addressed to the suppliers of those products. Prices subject to change without notice. Contact your IBM representative or Business Partner for the most current pricing in your geography. This presentation and the claims outlined in it were reviewed for compliance with US law. Adaptations of these claims for use in other geographies must be reviewed by the local country counsel for compliance with local laws.

47 47IBM Systems and Technology Group NOTICES AND DISCLAIMERS Copyright © 2004 by International Business Machines Corporation. All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form without written permission from IBM Corporation. Product data has been reviewed for accuracy as of the date of initial publication. Product data is subject to change without notice. This document could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. IBM may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or program(s) described herein at any time without notice. Any statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only. References in this document to IBM products, programs, or services does not imply that IBM intends to make such products, programs or services available in all countries in which IBM operates or does business. Any reference to an IBM Program Product in this document is not intended to state or imply that only that program product may be used. Any functionally equivalent program, that does not infringe IBM's intellectually property rights, may be used instead. THE INFORMATION PROVIDED IN THIS DOCUMENT IS DISTRIBUTED "AS IS" WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. IBM EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS ANY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR NONINFRINGEMENT. IBM shall have no responsibility to update this information. IBM products are warranted, if at all, according to the terms and conditions of the agreements (e.g., IBM Customer Agreement, Statement of Limited Warranty, International Program License Agreement, etc.) under which they are provided. Information concerning non-IBM products was obtained from the suppliers of those products, their published announcements or other publicly available sources. IBM has not tested those products in connection with this publication and cannot confirm the accuracy of performance, compatibility or any other claims related to non-IBM products. IBM makes no representations or warranties, expressed or implied, regarding non-IBM products and services. The provision of the information contained herein is not intended to, and does not, grant any right or license under any IBM patents or copyrights. Inquiries regarding patent or copyright licenses should be made, in writing, to: IBM Director of Licensing IBM Corporation North Castle Drive Armonk, NY U.S.A.


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