Presentazione sul tema: "Hassan al-Banna (1906-49) al-Ikhwān al-Muslimūn Ukhuwwa (Fratellanza) Hizb, Harakat al-Qurân dusturna (the Quran is our constitution) Islam as an all-inclusive."— Transcript della presentazione:
Hassan al-Banna (1906-49) al-Ikhwān al-Muslimūn Ukhuwwa (Fratellanza) Hizb, Harakat al-Qurân dusturna (the Quran is our constitution) Islam as an all-inclusive system -- din wa dunya wa dawla (religion, world and state).
Muhammad Rashid Rida (1865-1935) Jamal al-Din al-Afghani (1838-1897) Muhammad Abduh (1849-1905) Muhammad Rashid Rida (1865-1935) In 1898 Rida launched with Abduh al- Manar, meaning The Lighthouse. In his treatise al-Khilāfa, he sustains the need to restore the caliphate as the main legislative authority.
Sayyid Qutb (1906-66) behind bars in an Egyptian prison Jāhiliyya (state of ignorance) Jihād (struggle) Kāfir (unbelievers) Takfīr (the act of declaring someone as infidel or impious, excommunication) al-hakimiyya li-llah (Sovereignty of God) Abu l-Ala Al-Mawdudi (1903-79)
Six-Day War September 11, 1978 – Camp David Accord
The Iranian Revolution of 1978-79 The Iran-Iraq war (1980-88) Soviet War in Afghanistan (1979-89)
Traduzione: Un membro della Fratellanza musulmana insieme al generale Tantawi, capo del Consiglio supremo delle Forze armate, in occasione della prima seduta del parlamento: Con cosa brindiamo il 25 gennaio? Autore e fonte: Doa el Adl, Al Masry al Youm, 23 gennaio 2012
Islam = Islamism (1800s 1914) Islam Islamism (Islamic revival) The Arabic name of the faith, and a word free of either pejorative or comparative associations. Political activism in the name of Islam. Islamism / political Islam Islamic fundamentalism*, radicalism, extremism *Fundamentalism is borrowed from American history: at the end of the nineteenth century a Christian school of theological thought developed which called for a return to the basic beliefs (fundamentals) of Christian belief.
I SLAMIC ACTIVISM Political Islamism Harakat & Hizb Missionary activism Al-dawa Salafiyya JihadisSalafiyya al-jihadiyya Jihād CaliphateQutbist the nearer enemy the further enemy (Israel, US)
Mohammad Badie, Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood Abdel Moneim Abul Futouh Leaders of the Egyptian Muslim Brothers CONSERVATIVE WINGREFORMIST WING
Nadia Yassine al-Adl wa al-Ihssane (Justice and Charity) Suad Abderrahim An-Nahda
Tunisia – University of Manouba Students wear the niqab
Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb Abdelhakim Belhadj, former head of the terrorist Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG), leader of the Tripoli Military Council. Basmala or Bismillah: In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.