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Hassan al-Banna (1906-49) al-Ikhwān al-Muslimūn Ukhuwwa (Fratellanza) Hizb, Harakat al-Qurân dusturna (the Quran is our constitution) Islam as an all-inclusive.

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Presentazione sul tema: "Hassan al-Banna (1906-49) al-Ikhwān al-Muslimūn Ukhuwwa (Fratellanza) Hizb, Harakat al-Qurân dusturna (the Quran is our constitution) Islam as an all-inclusive."— Transcript della presentazione:

1 Hassan al-Banna ( ) al-Ikhwān al-Muslimūn Ukhuwwa (Fratellanza) Hizb, Harakat al-Qurân dusturna (the Quran is our constitution) Islam as an all-inclusive system -- din wa dunya wa dawla (religion, world and state).

2 Muhammad Rashid Rida ( ) Jamal al-Din al-Afghani ( ) Muhammad Abduh ( ) Muhammad Rashid Rida ( ) In 1898 Rida launched with Abduh al- Manar, meaning The Lighthouse. In his treatise al-Khilāfa, he sustains the need to restore the caliphate as the main legislative authority.

3 Sayyid Qutb ( ) behind bars in an Egyptian prison Jāhiliyya (state of ignorance) Jihād (struggle) Kāfir (unbelievers) Takfīr (the act of declaring someone as infidel or impious, excommunication) al-hakimiyya li-llah (Sovereignty of God) Abu l-Ala Al-Mawdudi ( )

4 Six-Day War September 11, 1978 – Camp David Accord

5 The Iranian Revolution of The Iran-Iraq war ( ) Soviet War in Afghanistan ( )

6 Traduzione: Un membro della Fratellanza musulmana insieme al generale Tantawi, capo del Consiglio supremo delle Forze armate, in occasione della prima seduta del parlamento: Con cosa brindiamo il 25 gennaio? Autore e fonte: Doa el Adl, Al Masry al Youm, 23 gennaio 2012

7 Islam = Islamism (1800s 1914) Islam Islamism (Islamic revival) The Arabic name of the faith, and a word free of either pejorative or comparative associations. Political activism in the name of Islam. Islamism / political Islam Islamic fundamentalism*, radicalism, extremism *Fundamentalism is borrowed from American history: at the end of the nineteenth century a Christian school of theological thought developed which called for a return to the basic beliefs (fundamentals) of Christian belief.

8 I SLAMIC ACTIVISM Political Islamism Harakat & Hizb Missionary activism Al-dawa Salafiyya JihadisSalafiyya al-jihadiyya Jihād CaliphateQutbist the nearer enemy the further enemy (Israel, US)

9 Mohammad Badie, Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood Abdel Moneim Abul Futouh Leaders of the Egyptian Muslim Brothers CONSERVATIVE WINGREFORMIST WING

10 Nadia Yassine al-Adl wa al-Ihssane (Justice and Charity) Suad Abderrahim An-Nahda

11 Electoral poster of Nour Party

12 Tunisia – University of Manouba Students wear the niqab

13 Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb Abdelhakim Belhadj, former head of the terrorist Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG), leader of the Tripoli Military Council. Basmala or Bismillah: In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

14 Sidi Mamoun, outskirts of Casablanca

15 Titolo: 25 gennaio Il giovane ragazzo: Seconda rivoluzione Lufficiale dellesercito: Festa nazionale Autore e fonte: Makhlouf, Al Masry al Youm, 18 gennaio 2012


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