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Progetto INFN-GRID La Grid: una nuova soluzione per il calcolo degli esperimenti dell INFN a.ghiselli Infn-Cnaf, Bologna Cagliari, 13 settembre 2000.

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Presentazione sul tema: "Progetto INFN-GRID La Grid: una nuova soluzione per il calcolo degli esperimenti dell INFN a.ghiselli Infn-Cnaf, Bologna Cagliari, 13 settembre 2000."— Transcript della presentazione:

1 progetto INFN-GRID La Grid: una nuova soluzione per il calcolo degli esperimenti dell INFN a.ghiselli Infn-Cnaf, Bologna Cagliari, 13 settembre 2000

2 Contenuto: -introduzione -Elementi architetturali -Testbed & Network

3 INFN-GRID Progetto 3-ennale Partecipazione degli esperimenti di LHC: Alice, Atlas, CMS, LHCb e di altri esperimenti e progetti quali Virgo e APE. Partecipazione del servizio calcolo delle sezioni e del cnaf Workplan suddiviso in 5 Work Packages (complementare e di supporto a DATAGRID)

4 workplan WP1, evaluation of Globus toolkit, M.Sgaravatto, F.Prelz WP2, integration with DATAGRID and adaptation to the national grid project: –WP2.1 workload management, C.Vistoli, M.Sgaravatto –WP2.2, data management, L.Barone, L.Silvestris –WP2.3, application monitoring, U.Marconi, D. Galli –WP2.4, computing fabric & mass storage, G.Maron, M.Michelotto WP3 Applications and Integration : –Alice: R.Barbera, Castellano, P.Cerello –Atlas: L.Luminari, B.Osculati, S.Resconi –CMS: G.Bagliesi, C.Grandi, I.Lippi, L.Silvestris –LHCb: R.Santacesaria, V.Vagnoni WP4 National Testbed, A.Ghiselli, L.Gaido WP5 network, T.Ferrari, L.Gaido

5 Gestione del progetto Collaboration Board Technical Board Executive Board Per sito: coordinatore locale, rappresentante per ogni esperimento + EB, TB Coordinatore tecnico Coordinatori dei WP Esperti delle applicazioni Project manager Coordinatori del calcolo degli esperimenti Coordinatore tecnico Rappresentante INFN in DATAGRID

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7 La Grid E un sistema costituito da : risorse di calcolo, server di dati, strumenti …distribuiti geograficamente e accessibili attraverso una rete molto efficiente, un software che fornisce una interfaccia uniforme e garantisce un utilizzo delle risorse in modo efficiente e capillare.

8 Il software di Grid è un set di servizi per -Obtaining information about grid components -Locating and scheduling resources -Communicating -Accessing code and data -Measuring performance -Authenticating users and resources -Ensuring the privacy of communication …. -From The GRID edited by I.Foster and C.Kesselman

9 Modello di task execution sulla Grid Client b Client c Client a Site 1 Site 2 Server B Directory Service Server C Server D SchedulerMonitor WAN (0) Monitor server and network Status periodically (1) (2) (3) (4) (1)Query server (2)Assign server (3)Request exec. (4)Return computed result

10 Perché la grid ora? Caratteristiche del calcolo degli esperimenti di LHC : –Collaborazioni molto numerose e distribuite geograficamente –Elevata quantità di dati da analizzare Risorse di calcolo distribuite : –Disponibilità di cluster di PC con elevata capacità di calcolo Reti: –affidabilità, alta banda locale e geografica, servizi QoS

11 Evoluzione della tecnologia WAN –Bandwidth(bps) 2M(89), 34M(97), bps, Gbps –Transm. Tech., Digital H., SDH/Sonet, ATM, PoS, Optical networks/DWDM –Per hop latency ~ from hundred of msec to few msec –TCP, UDP, RTP, reliable multicast … over IP –Fault tolerance and QoS support –Driving applications: telefony, www, videoconf., video on demand, true distributed applications like distributed computing, online control of scientific instrument, teleimmersion…. GRID

12 i mattoni per passare dalla rete di trasmissione dati alla rete di servizi di calcolo sono disponibili !

13 Grid architecture What is involved in building a grid? –Users –Applications –Services –resources (end systems, network, data storage, …)

14 classpurposeMake use ofconcerns End userSolve problemsapplicationsTransparency performance Application developers Develop applications Programming models and tools Ease of use, performance Tools developers Develop tools Programming models Grid servicesAdaptivity, performance, security Grid developers Provide basic grid services Local system services simplicity, connectivity, security System administrators Manage grid resources Management toolsBalancing local and global concerns GRID USERS

15 HEP computing Key elements: -Data type and size per LHC exp.: RAW(1MB per event, B/year/exp.), ESD(100KB per event), AOD(10KB per event) -Data processing: event reconstruction, calibration, data reduction, event selection,analysis, event simulation -Distributed, hierarchical regional centers architecture: Tier 0 (CERN), Tier 1, …desktop -large and distributed user community

16 HEP computing cont. Applications classes: 1)Traditional applications running on single computer and with local I/O 2)Scheduled Client/Server applications running on multiple computers and with local or remote I/O 3)Interactive Client/Server applications 4)Grid oriented applications integrated with grid services

17 Global Grid Architecture Grid Fabric Layer Applications Comm. protocols Data servers Remote monitoring PC-Cluster Schedulers Network Services (QoS) Optical technology Grid Services Layer Resource and appl. Independent services InformationResource mgmt (GRAM) Security (GSI)Data accessFault detection... Batch traditional Applications Client/Server Interactive Appl. Client/Server Batch Applications Grid enabled Applications Application Toolkit Layer HTB Data Mover Monitoring tools workload management Application monitoring Data management WP1 WP2.1 WP2.2 WP2.3 WP2.4 WP5 WP3

18 TESTBED & NETWORK Workpackage

19 The INFN-GRID TESTBED WP has the mandate to plan, organize, and enable testbed for end-to-end experiments applications. It will be based on the computing infrastructures set-up by the INFN community in the years for the needs of the experiments which will exploit the GRID. these infrastructures will be mainly the Tier1-Tier3 Regional Centers prototypes for the LHC experiments.

20 It will be based on an high performance NETWORK planned by the WP 5 with the bandwidth and the services required by the experiments applications (WP3). The INFN GRID testbed will be connected to the European testbed and through it to the other national grids participating to the European project. cont.

21 The project activities will provide a layout of the necessary size to test in real life the middleware, the application development, the development of the LHC experiment computing models during this prototyping phase and the necessary support to LHC experiment computing activities The national testbed deployment will be synchronised with DataGrid project activities.

22 Testbed baselines Data intensive computing: to address the problem of storage of a large amount of data Hierarchical Tier-n Regional Centers model as recommended by Monarc will be prototyped and tested. Production oriented testbed: straightforward demonstrator testbeds for: –prototyping and –continuously prove the production capabilities of the overall system; –advanced testbeds which stretch the system to its limits.

23 Cont. Real goals and time-scales: – "real Experiment applications". –By the end of year 2003, all the LHC Experiments have to have a "reasonable-scaled" (order of 10%)to proceed to final "full scale" implementation. Integrated system: efficient utilization of the distributed resources, integrated in a common grid, while maintaining the policies of the experiments. MONARC simulation tool in the design and optimization of the computing infrastructure, both local and distributed.

24 Experiments capacity in Italy cms 8000 SI95, 21 TB SI95 40 TB SI95, 80 TB atlas 5000 SI95, 5 TB 8000 SI95, 10 TB SI95, 20 TB alice 6800 SI95 6,4 TB SI95 12 TB SI95 22 TB virgo…… …….

25 Gerarchia dei Centri Regionali CERN Tier 0 Tier 1 Tier 2 Tier 3 Tier 4 FranceItaly 2.5Gbps UK Fermilab Tier2 center sezione 2.5Gbps 622Mbps 2.5Gbps desktop 100Mbps-1Gbps

26 HEP computing : GRID Layout Model Data Server CPU Server desktop CPU Server Multi-level RC hierarchy desktop CERN DATAGRID CPU Server Tier 1 Tier 2 Tier 3-4

27 GARR-B Topology 155 Mbps ATM based Network access points (PoP) main transport nodes TORINO PADOVA BARI PALERMO FIRENZE PAVIA GENOVA NAPOLI CAGLIARI TRIESTE ROMA PISA LAQUILA CATANIA BOLOGNA UDINE TRENTO PERUGIA LNF LNGS SASSARI LECCE LNS LNL USA 155Mbps T3 SALERNO COSENZA S.Piero FERRARA PARMA CNAF ROMA2 cern Regional Centers CMS primary T.1 T2/3 Atlas primary T.1 T2/3 Alice primary T.1 T2/3 LHCb T.1 T2/3 600Mbps Mappa dei siti per i prototipi dei RC MILANO

28 Testbed progressively growing from quantum to production Grid

29 Deliverables Deliverable Description Delivery Date D1.1 Widely deployed testbed of GRID basic services 6 months D1.2 Application 1 (traditional applications) testbed 12 months D1.3 Application 2 (scheduled client/server applications) testbed 18 months Application n (cahotic client/server applications) testbed 30 months D1.4 Grid fabric for distributed Tier 124 months D1.5 Grid fabric for all Tier hierarchy36 months

30 Milestones Mileston e DescriptionDate M1.1Testbeds topology6 Months M1.2Tier1, Tier2&3 computing model experimentation 12 Months M1.3Grids prototypes18Months M1.4Scalability tests24 Months M1.5Validation tests36 Months

31 Common resources PC * Upgraded Interfaces on routers ---- L2 GE switch----- VPN layout

32 Testbed network layout description Upgraded access on production net VPN at 34Mbps----- VPN at 155Mbps VPN at Gbps

33 Testbed participants layout setup coordinators(computing resources + network layout) WP participants application developers Users >Total 20 FTE

34 What we are ready to do To interconnect Globus-based grids Globus commands (globus-run,…) Globus tools (gsiftp,…..) GARA tests……

35 Testbed resources Now –small PBS PC-cluster and SUN-cluster (cnaf) –WAN condor pool (about 300 nodes) By the end of 2000: quantum grid –More sites with PBS and LSF clusters –More PCs in the clusters Spring 2001 –Experiment computing power


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