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Alessandra De Cugis Progetto Tempi e Orari del Comune di Milano Time in the cities, a holistic approach for urban time issues, the case of Milan Paper.

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Presentazione sul tema: "Alessandra De Cugis Progetto Tempi e Orari del Comune di Milano Time in the cities, a holistic approach for urban time issues, the case of Milan Paper."— Transcript della presentazione:

1 Alessandra De Cugis Progetto Tempi e Orari del Comune di Milano Time in the cities, a holistic approach for urban time issues, the case of Milan Paper presented at the ETUC_TUC conference november 2005 “Challenging Times”

2 Alessandra De Cugis Progetto Tempi e Orari del Comune di Milano Changing context co-existing in service economy Industrial city (first generation) Service economy (second generation metropolis)

3 Alessandra De Cugis Progetto Tempi e Orari del Comune di Milano Changing context Urban Mobility (house to work) Industrial city: linear and predictable Service economy: zig zagging and unpredictable

4 Alessandra De Cugis Progetto Tempi e Orari del Comune di Milano Changing context Population that use Milan business congress meetings METROPOLITAN BUSINESS MAN loisir services consumption CITY USERS non standard time tables in relation to the industrial city over lapping with services for residences short permanence International consumption styles work study COMMUTERS foreseeable calendar permanent inhabitants (right of citizenship) RESIDENTS standard time tables temporary Inhabitants

5 Alessandra De Cugis Progetto Tempi e Orari del Comune di Milano Changing context More woman work formore hours flexible hours Daily routine doppia presenzahouse-work care (children & elders) Vulnerabilitysingle lone mothers A gender perception of time as a problem

6 Alessandra De Cugis Progetto Tempi e Orari del Comune di Milano From a gender perception of a structural luck of time to time as a political issue A new political process starts at the end of 80’s at grassroot level : time policies italian women and trade unions german “women change the times” (an act of grassroot initiative)

7 Alessandra De Cugis Progetto Tempi e Orari del Comune di Milano DEVELOPMENTS national act on local govt. 142/1990 the urban time plan of the municipality of Milan (1992) national act 53/2000 (legge Turco) regional act 28/2004 (Lombardia) The issue of time to be dealt at public policy level, the Mayor has the responsibility to coordinate the time-schedules

8 Alessandra De Cugis Progetto Tempi e Orari del Comune di Milano A frame of reference DAILY LIFE PLANNING ANALYSIS OF TEMPORAL CHARACTERISTICS OF DIFFERENT SOCIAL GROUP SOCIAL GROUP ANALYSIS OF URBAN RHYTHMS SOCIAL LIFE AND RHYTHMS OF COLLECTIVE ACTION

9 Alessandra De Cugis Progetto Tempi e Orari del Comune di Milano ACTION AREAS OF URBAN TIME POLICIES Usability/accessibility of services to the public Designing of public spaces Time banks Agreements on local mobility problems Shop opening closing hours School times/schedules Calendar harmonization Urban Time Policies

10 Alessandra De Cugis Progetto Tempi e Orari del Comune di Milano A problem of cultural translation italian - english ORARI TIME TABLES WORK HOURS WORKING TIME OPENING CLOSING HOURS SCHEDULES OFFICE HOURS The definition of orari is: how activites are organized or ordered in time and socially recognised. The italian term ORARI includes all the English equivalents listed above which refer to official and specific organization of work organization structures but also lapses of time related to socially recognised habits of behaviour such as meal times.


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