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LINNOVAZIONE TECNOLOGICA NELLA PRODUZIONE NAZIONALE DI SISTEMI E COMPONENTI LOW- E HIGH-CPV. : an innovative CPV solution in cooperation with ®

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Presentazione sul tema: "LINNOVAZIONE TECNOLOGICA NELLA PRODUZIONE NAZIONALE DI SISTEMI E COMPONENTI LOW- E HIGH-CPV. : an innovative CPV solution in cooperation with ®"— Transcript della presentazione:

1 LINNOVAZIONE TECNOLOGICA NELLA PRODUZIONE NAZIONALE DI SISTEMI E COMPONENTI LOW- E HIGH-CPV. : an innovative CPV solution in cooperation with ®

2 2 Motivations [1] Why «Concentrated PV»? 1.Traditional photo-voltaics based on silicon solar cells needs large sensitive areas due to its rather low (~14%) efficiency 2.Moreover silicon solar cells have (– 0,2÷0,4 %/K) large dependence on temperature: a problem in very hot climates

3 3 Motivations [2] 1.The use of high efficiency (~40%) triple junction (3J) solar cells allows for more compact modules 1.3J solar cells have lower (– 0,04 %/K) temperature dependence: a great advantage in hot climates 1. TwinFocus ® original design allows industrialization through reliable and mature technologies already successfully used in automotive industry (largely using recycled and recyclable plastic, aluminum, and glass)

4 4 TwinFocus ® uses well known triple junction Solar Cells A series of three junctions, each one sensitive to a different spectral range

5 Funding and manpower of the R&D program Padova University 81, WP3 in the frame of Polo Fotovoltaico (joint program of Regional Government and Padova University with global value 3M), 253, Centro Fermi~80, Regional Fellowships plus 4 years of junior grant from Centro Fermi Strong and effective industrial cooperation 5

6 6 TwinFocus ® uses non-imaging optics and off-axis reflectors Secondary optics solar cell cm X 500X Very uniform irradiation profile on cell extremely critical for thermal budget

7 7 TwinFocus ® implementation - Area of mirrors: 22x18x14 cm 3 - Area cell 0.3 cm 2 (x2) - Geometrical concentration: ~580 X Refractive or reflective secondary optics: -Savosil: low temperature molded quartz -polished metal cones Patent pending (PCT/IB2011/054484)

8 8 TwinFocus ® uses passive heat sink Thermal budget at 600 Suns: 13W T cell =85 o T air =35 o C

9 AtemEnergia srl is a Spin-Off company* of the University of Padua, Italy. It was authorized in July, The experience of the founders was matured in different fields of Experimental Physics in Italy (LNL,LNGS, Centro Fermi) and abroad (CERN, FermiLab) and in very advanced automotive industry (Unitek). Mission of AtemEnergia is the development of advanced technologies for renewable energies, solar CPV in particular, and other high tech products. * University holds 5% stock ownership 9

10 10 Thanks to mature industrial technologies provided by: Optical polishing Thermoplastic molding Mold design

11 11 has been realized ® Field measurement in a working tracker for test

12 12 TwinFocus ® field measurements Typical efficiency is 24%. Data collected with Sun exposure. Haze effect id visible in the second part of the day.

13 Una cella fotovoltaica in cui viene iniettata corrente elettrica( J inj ) emette luce (elettroluminescenza, EL) analogamente ad un LED Lo spettro di elettroluminescenza di una cella a tripla giunzione (3J) mostra tre picchi relativi alle tre band-gap delle giunzioni Lintensità dei picchi di EL delle tre sub-giunzioni in funzione di J inj cresce esponenzialmente La conversione di energia radiante in energia elettrica e viceversa è descritta da ununica relazione, detta di reciprocità (RR); la grandezza che quantifica il fenomeno è la Quantum Efficiency J inj CARATTERIZZAZIONE DI CELLE SOLARI MEDIANTE LUCE DI ELETTROLUMINESCENZA

14 La luce di EL emessa da una cella 3J di efficienza nota può essere raccolta da un cella da testare ed essere riconvertita in corrente/tensione. J inj J pv Lefficienza di riconversione viene determinata dalla misura della tensione di circuito aperto (V oc ) della cella pv. LED PV V oc della cella pv in funzione di J inj della cella LED presenta un andamento legato al funzionamento combinato delle tre sub-giunzioni Questo tipo di studio costituisce una affidabile e maneggevole procedura per testare le performances delle tre sub-giunzioni di una cella 3J. J inj LED PV V oc

15 15 40 TwinFocus ® reflectors will be assembled in a rigid frame 1m x 2m x 0,14m. Measured power 320W. Weight: 95kg all included. Prototype frame during assembly on tracker

16 Quasi-industrial production line 16

17 17 Six pre-industrial prototypes, high precision low profile trackers under construction : ~30m 2, 5,2kWp

18 18 A demonstrator of this system is now acquiring data. The project of this first version of TwinFocus ® has been completed and a lot of effort is now spent to develop an even cheaper and more efficient CPV system. Next step will be an XR (reflective and refractive) optics with a concentrating factor near to 1000X, a more homogeneous illumination profile of the solar cell, and a lighter and more efficient heat sink.


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