Presentazione sul tema: "SISMES 2012 - Palermo 5-7 Ottobre Bellafiore, M. 1,2, Battaglia, G. 1,2, Caramazza, G. 1,2, Sciacca, L. 1, Calabretta, A. 1, Bianco, A. 1,2, Palma, A."— Transcript della presentazione:
SISMES 2012 - Palermo 5-7 Ottobre Bellafiore, M. 1,2, Battaglia, G. 1,2, Caramazza, G. 1,2, Sciacca, L. 1, Calabretta, A. 1, Bianco, A. 1,2, Palma, A. 1, 2. 1 DISMOT dep. (University of Palermo, Italy), 2 Regional Sport School of Sicily CONI (Olympic National Italian Committee, Italy).
SISMES 2012 - Palermo 5-7 Ottobre J Community Health.J Community Health. 2010 Dec;35(6):698-705. Prevalence of obesity and factors associated with it in a worksite setting in Malaysia. Cheong SMCheong SM, Kandiah M, Chinna K, Chan YM, Saad HA.Kandiah MChinna KChan YMSaad HA Department of Health, Pahang, Malaysia. This study found a higher prevalence of overweight and obesity among employees of a selected public university in comparison to the general population. Socio-demographic, psychosocial factors, and working hours were found to contribute to obesity in this sample of adults. Br J Nutr.Br J Nutr. 2012 Sep;108(6):1134-42. Epub 2011 Dec 6. Dietary and physical activity behaviours related to obesity-specific quality of life and work productivity: baseline results from a worksite trial. Cash SWCash SW, Beresford SA, Henderson JA, McTiernan A, Xiao L, Wang CY, Patrick DL.Beresford SAHenderson JAMcTiernan AXiao LWang CYPatrick DL Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Box 357236, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. The results suggest that obesogenic dietary behaviours and higher BMI are associated with decreased QOL and productivity to different degrees in women and men.
Epidemiology studies from UE (2005-2007) Symptoms% of incidence in European population Job-related back pain25%
Back pain musculoskeletal disorder housewifes drivers employees masons - obesity - impaired postures - low physical fitness Med Pr.Med Pr. 2009;60(5):359-67. Upper extremities, neck and back symptoms in office employees working at computer stations]. Zejda JEZejda JE, Bugajska J, Kowalska M, Krzych L, Mieszkowska M, Brozek G, Braczkowska BBugajska JKowalska MKrzych LMieszkowska MBrozek GBraczkowska B
SISMES 2012 - Palermo 5-7 Ottobre To investigate weight status and back pain in office workers and the possible association between variables such gender, educational qualification and lifestyle
SISMES 2012 - Palermo 5-7 Ottobre - Data from office public employees was collected with a questionnaire - The weight status was assessed with body mass index (BMI) - The lifestyle was considered active when person performed physical activity since at least 3 months for 2 or 3 days/week. - The intensity of back pain was evaluated with visual rating scale (VRS) ranging from no pain to very strong (Mannion, 2006) and referred to at least 3 months before this assessment. - In order to analyze the significant differences and correlations (p<0.05) among ordinal variables, we used ANOVA test and Pearson correlation respectively. - Categorical variables were analyzed with Chi-squared test with Yates correction or G² of Wilks. Significance for each cell was evaluated with Fishers Exact test when the observation number was low. P<0.05 was considered significant.
N. 115 Age (years)Weight (Kg)Height (m)BMI Media49,3270,301,6824,93 Dev. Stand.6,1913,020,093,58 *p<0.05 women vs. men * * *
SISMES 2012 - Palermo 5-7 Ottobre Matrice di correlazione di Pearson VariabiliSessoEtà(anni) Peso (Kg) Statura(m)IMC Sesso1-0,0280,6110,7410,218 Età (anni)0,02810,136-0,1640,330 Peso (Kg)0,6110,13610,6660,793 Statura (m)0,741-0,1640,66610,084 IMC0,2180,3300,7930,0841 I valori in grassetto sono diversi da 0 al livello di significatività alfa=0,05 Valori di p VariabiliSessoEtà(anni) Peso (Kg) Statura(m)IMC Sesso00,772< 0,0001 0,0 21 Età (anni)0,77200,1500,082 0,0 00 Peso (Kg)< 0,00010,1500< 0,0001 Statura(m)< 0,00010,082< 0,00010 0,3 74 IMC0,0210,000< 0,00010,3740 I valori in grassetto sono diversi da 0 al livello di significatività alfa=0,05 Coefficienti di determinazione (R²) VariabiliSessoEtà (anni) Peso (Kg) Statura( m)IMC Sesso10,0010,3740,5490,047 Età (anni)0,00110,0190,0270,109 Peso (Kg)0,3740,01910,4440,628 Statura (m)0,5490,0270,44410,007 IMC0,0470,1090,6280,0071
55% weight gain in men vs. 46% in women P = 0,446
SISMES 2012 - Palermo 5-7 Ottobre P = 0,994 Significatività per cella (Test esatto di Fisher) Middle School L.High School L.Univ. Degree Normal weight><> Overweight><> Obese<>< I valori in rosso sono significativi a livello alfa=0,05
SISMES 2012 - Palermo 5-7 Ottobre P = 0,906 SedentaryActive Normal weight<> Overweight<> Obese>< I valori in rosso sono significativi a livello alfa=0,05
SISMES 2012 - Palermo 5-7 Ottobre A high percentage of our sample of office employees shows overweight and back pain. BMI is significantly associated with gender, educational qualification (high school license and university degree) and sedentary lifestyle. A higher percentage of overweight active employees than sedentary those might be due to incorrect nutritional habits. The employees mainly show cervical and lumbar pain which is stronger in the women than men. Pain intensity is not associated with weight status and lifestyle and this might be due to the maintaining of impaired postures when working. Programs of nutritional and postural activity may be useful to improve health condition and reduce the risk of disease-related obesity and back pain.