Presentazione sul tema: "CAP & European Emergency Response Capacity"— Transcript della presentazione:
1 CAP & European Emergency Response Capacity Control Centre interoperabilityStefano Marsella & Marcello Marzoli
2 Overview Italian National Fire Corps (CNVVF) Interoperability btw CNVVF and emergency stakeholders Control Centersside effect: Interoperability within CNVVF branchesCase 1: cooperative search for missing people in hostile environmentCase 2: public warning to evacuate WUI for an approaching forest fireCase 3: Response to L’Aquila earthquake (April 2009)European Emergency Response Capacity
3 Italian National Fire Corps Ministry of Interior
4 Interoperability btw Control Centers The 100 CNVVF Control Centers cooperate and exchange info daily with a large number of other first responders’ C&Ctype of incidentselected on the basis of:location /jurisdiction
5 Common Operational Picture Since the first calls, each Control Centre try to collect as much data as possible from the calling citizens to assess type and scale of the eventNotwithstanding the effort, the op. pictures remain confuse, incomplete, contradictory
6 COP & Unified Control Centre To solve the issue, many push for one only Control Room able to coordinate the othersand build up one only operational picture
7 COP and unified control center Even though a unified control room can solve the coordination problem btw the rescuers’ directly involvedIt is almost impossible to include all the cooperating organisations (e.g.)Local PoliceRN SquadsTechnical ServicesLocal Volunteer Fire BrigadesLocal Volunteer ambulance serv.CB SquadsBomb SquadsEmergency Assistance NumbersNot only for ‘improper’ mutual competitionBut because they often need to have access to a different set of infoand cannot share all of their data with the others
8 COP and multilateral data exchange Each rescuers’ Control room need a different perspective of the same operational pictureWhere a unified control room is implemented, firstly it build up the common picture, then filters are applied to build the customised picture to fulfill each rescuers needsBut filtering is a tricky process, valuable info can be cut off, whereas other info passed on could reveal itself unnecessary then confusingIt is wiser to take a step back:avoid to centralise all the available infoenhance the exchange of info between the existing control rooms
9 Data exchange: present situation Control Centers use sophisticated IT systems,but different ones
10 Data exchange: present situation One C&C collect info from the citizenscall the other C&C to pass the infowho input again data into his systeminput data into their system
11 Why not to exchange data too? &Using voice as the only “communication device” seems ineffectiveCons: Time and accuracy lost in spelling names, roads, numbersPlus: Consolidated procedures? Legal basis? Traceability?Only one real plus: it is the only “channel” fully interoperable
12 The REACT project Funded by the EC under FP6 2.5 years, 10 partners Trials in Italy, Germany, UKScope: improving emergencymanagement through datasharing by defining open dataProtocols and a distributed architecture scalable from local level up to European level12
13 REACT and the interoperability layers Political ObjectivesHarmonised Strategy/DoctrinesOrganisationalInteroperabilityAligned OperationsAligned ProceduresKnowledge/AwarenessTechnicalInteroperabilityInformation InteroperabilityREACTData Object/Model InteroperabilityProtocol InteroperabilityPhysical Interoperability13
14 After REACT: residual challenges Aiming at an actual adoption of the REACT concept in real operations, the main organizational challenges for Emergency Services were:To get authorization by all decision makers of the organisations willing to share data; such authorization should take the form of an agreement defining operational procedures, IT security and compliancy levels with in-force regulations and lawsThe agreement on common operational procedures for sharing data and information on eventsThe integration of interoperability functionalities with existing legacy systems operating in command and control rooms
17 Org. challenges: Open standards Non-proprietary standards allow all emergency Services to adopt them without costs for licensing or special tools:CAP (Common alerting Protocol) used for structuring information in an XML fileItalian CAP Profile for the further definition of additional information fieldsATOM FEED as distribution mechanism of CAP messages in a many-to-many distributed architecture
23 Integration: REACT-VF architecture A web application (CAPGenerator) for creating CAP messages.An access to a Routing application (CAPRouter) for creating and distributing ATOM FEEDs with CNVVFA web application (CAPRetriever) for retrieving ATOM FEED and storing CAP messages on DBA web application (CAPReader) visualising CAP messages available on DB in text format (no integrated map available)All of the above now installed on CNVVF servers
25 Side effect: internal interoperability Real-time transmission of interventions for forest fires to a new System for forest fires’ video surveillance and remote sensingReal-time transmission of interventions for forest fires from the 100 CNVVF HQ to regional and National Control Centers to calculate number and total area of burnt scar during the fire season 2014
26 Side effect: internal interoperability For the internal interoperability only the Fire Corps system settings include 377 OIDs exchanging data over 1,455 (unidirectional) channels (through a central repository – without publishing feeds)As OIDs the CNVVF has provisionally adopted the certified , as provided by the Directory of Italian Public Administrations (Indice delle Pubbliche Amministrazioni – IPA - which was set up on purpose to supports the interoperability among public administrations.
27 Case 1: cooperative search for missing people in hostile environment When (daily…) persons are reported missing (e.g. in mountain area) rescuers are many and belong to several areas:National , regional, municipal government, public service providersNow: agreement on the spot: CNVVF distribute locally terminals to each team to collect their dataFrom now on: agreements to exchange data with other rescuers CC (first one signed with the Municipality of Venezia)
28 Case 1: cooperative search for missing people in hostile environment The internal procedure to regulate such agreements will be issued next October (today one only ‘experimental’ agreement is in force).But many others will come (all feeds with CAP attached).2 neighbouring Fire Corps provincial HQ,1 National Police (Carabinieri) provincial HQ,1 National Police (Polizia) provincial HQ,1 Medical rescue district service,1 Coast Guard provincial HQ,1 Civil Protection regional authority,1 Environmental regional authority,43 Municipal Police authorities,43 Civil Protection municipal authorities…beekeepers...E.g. today the Control Center of CNVVF Venezia HQ exchange (by phone) location-wise information with:8 local branch of National and regional organizations and86 local organisationsIf you multiply per 100…
29 Case 2: public warning to evacuate WUI for an approaching forest fire By the Law, CNVVF cannot issue a Public WarningHowever those who can (e.g. Prefectures), rely on information from the field and expert advise which easily involve CNVVF - today some CNVVF CCs have the task to trigger some warning systems (sirens) too when ordered by the Prefect –CNVVF is going to keep the Prefectures up-to-date with the event evolution through a CAP flow originated by CNVVF Control CentersThe Prefectures will have then to forward a tailored CAP message to public warning systemsreason why CNVVF is so interested into the Public Warning Design Guidelines for FIA MessagingConcept to be demonstrated into the EU FP7 R&D integration project
30 Case 3: Response to L’Aquila earthquake 6th April 2009Within the first day, more than responders of the National Fire Corps reached the city and the towns around Aquila, working on 24 hours shifts to save the most of lives.The emergency life-saving operations have been performed until every missing person has not been found.
31 Case 3: Response to L’Aquila earthquake Within the third day after the earthquake, the CNVVF has deployed:nearly firemen1.111 vehicles3 Satellite Communication Vehicles5 helicopters92 Special teams24 Search teams with dogs7 Base camps20 local command units100 engineers to assess the safety conditions of buildings8 engineers/architects to assess safety conditions of monuments1 medical team
32 Case 3: Response to L’Aquila earthquake In the first days after the earthquake, the Department has deployed:5.434 tentsbeds9.851 cotsblankets7.663 heaters for tents36 assembly tents96 electrical plants58 power units5 mobile refectories216 toilets - shower units
33 Case 3: Response to L’Aquila earthquake This kind of response was possible because in the first phase CNVVF was the only responsible and is organized as a National, hierarchical organization…What kind of interoperability tool was possible to apply afterwards, when needed?Solution the Italian Civil Protection had to adopt to allow interoperability between all the actors during the L’Aquila earthquake.L’Aquila Earthquake 6th April 2009DICOMAC - Direzione Comando e Controllo
34 Case 3: Response to L’Aquila earthquake The CAP-enabled system used to manage daily emergencies could easily be extended to the management of large emergencies inside or outside the National borders when hosting or bringing international aid.Using CAP, the hosting Nation can assign tasks to - and receive reports from - the supporting teams seamlessly and respecting the chain-of-command of each team - cutting down drastically activation times so high to often leave the hosting Nation alone during the most critical phase.This concept will be demonstrated in Greece next November in the framework of a multilateral exercise organized by the projectInteroperability of data and procedures in large-scale multinational disaster response actions(EU FP7 R&D integration project – on going)
35 European Emergency Response Capacity Since 1 January 2014 is in force the new European Decision on a Union Civil Protection MechanismThe Decision call for a more efficient European response based on interoperable emergency response capacities committed by Member States.Most of the effort will aim at physical interoperability between fire hoses, power plugs, etc…But CNVVF is going to push to extend the concept to the emergency data exchange between rescuers……based on CAP!
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