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Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, 13-14 maggio 20051 Il ccTLD.eu storia, stato e previsioni Franco Denoth Direttore IIT-CNR UNIVERSITÀ

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Presentazione sul tema: "Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, 13-14 maggio 20051 Il ccTLD.eu storia, stato e previsioni Franco Denoth Direttore IIT-CNR UNIVERSITÀ"— Transcript della presentazione:

1 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio Il ccTLD.eu storia, stato e previsioni Franco Denoth Direttore IIT-CNR UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI DI UDINE FACOLTA DI GIURISPRUDENZA DIPARTIMENTO DI SCIENZE GIURIDICHE I nuovi domini.eu: profili giuridici e prospettive per gli imprenditori

2 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio Lug-00 Lettera da Erkki Likanen a Mike Roberts sul TLD.e Mr. Mike Roberts CEO and President ICANN 4676 Admiralty Way, Suite330 Marina del Rey, CA Dear Mr. Roberts, I would like to thank you for your recent visit to Brussels and for the exchange of information that took place with the Commission services on that occasion. During your visit you were again informed about the strong interest in Europe for the creation of the new Internet Top Level Domain,.EU The European Commission has thoroughly studied this initiative with the European institutions, ISPs, industry and the local Internet community in Europe. Earlier this year we conducted a broad and open public consultation on the proposal, based on a consultation document that has been posted on the web. That consultation confirmed widespread support from major Internet interests in this proposal. Moreover, the setting up of the.EU Domain is now part of the eEurope Action Plan, endorsed at the recent Feira European Council and thus endorsed at the level of the Heads of State/Government of the 15 EU Member States. omissis

3 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio Ago-00: Risposta di Mike Roberts a Erkki Lijkanen sul TLD.eu August 10, 2000 Mr. Erkki Liikanen Member of the Commission European Commission Rue de la Roi 200 B-1049 Brussels, Belgium Dear Commissioner Liikanen - Thank you for your formal request of July 6 concerning the creation of an Internet top level domain for the European Union. At our recent meeting in Yokohama, a number of the ICANN Directors had an opportunity to discuss your letter and to begin to address the policy issues related to consideration of a.eu TLD registry.recent meeting in Yokohama For many reasons, past and present, the delegation of top level domains having a geographic component to their definition is a sensitive matter. The Board strongly agrees with the views of Jon Postel, the creator of IANA, that it is not the IANA's role to determine what is a country. At the same time, the Board understands and supports the need for flexibility in adapting the Domain Name System to the needs of the Internet community.Jon Postel, the creator of IANAnot the IANA's role to determine what is a country Since the.eu code does not currently appear in the ISO table which is referenced in the ICANN ICP-1 policy document on country code delegations, the creation of.eu would appear likely to require a policy actionISO tableICANN ICP-1 policy document Omissis

4 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio Set-00: Il ccTLD.eu allesame del BoD di ICANN INTERNET CORPORATION FOR ASSIGNED NAMES AND NUMBERS MINUTES OF SPECIAL MEETING 25 September 2000 DELEGATION OF ccTLDs Mr. Roberts raised the need for interpretation of existing policies regarding the delegation of "country code" top-level domains (ccTLDs). There are two areas in which the Board should consider clarifying the manner in which ccTLD policies are to be implemented: 1. ICP-1, which summarizes the current ccTLD policies, states that new ccTLD "codes are assigned from a table known as ISO " On 6 July 2000, Erkki Liikanen, the European Commissioner for Enterprise & Information Society, wrote to Mr. Roberts regarding the possible establishment of an.eu TLD. Although the alpha-2 code "eu" is not directly included on the ISO list, the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency, as pointed out in Mr. Liikanan's letter, "has decided to extend the scope of the reservation of the code element EU to cover any application of ISO that needs a coded representation of the name European Union, including its being used as an Internet Top Level Domain." This gives it a status that seems practically equivalent to direct listing. The IANA staff seeks the Board's guidance as to whether codes not directly listed but having been granted an "any application" reservation on the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency's exceptional reservation list should be treated as subject to delegation under ICP-1.ICP-1wrote to Mr. Roberts regarding the possible establishment of an.eu TLDISO list

5 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio Set-00: Risoluzione del BoD di ICANN sul ccTLD.eu Resolution: While the "eu" code does not appear on that list, the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency has designated the "eu" code as approved for "all uses." Confronted with this situation, the IANA staff asked the Board for guidance. The Board's answer was that the code should be regarded as available for delegation under existing policy, and furthermore that no new TLDs should be established without a completed registry agreement between ICANN and the registry operator.

6 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio Apr-02: Risoluzione del Parlamento Europeo Risoluzione del Parlamento Europeo sul regolamento per la messa in opera del dominio di primo livello geografico ccTLD.eu nella Comunità Europea (Gazzetta ufficiale L 113) REGOLAMENTO (CE) N. 733/2002 DEL PARLAMENTO EUROPEO E DEL CONSIGLIO del 22 aprile 2002 relativo alla messa in opera del dominio di primo livello.eu 11) Il presente regolamento è inteso a stabilire le condizioni di messa in opera del dominio di primo livello.eu in maniera tale da designare un registro e determinare il quadro di politica generale entro cui il registro stesso dovrà operare. Il presente regolamento non disciplina i domini di primo livello geografici nazionali.

7 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio Set-02: Bando della Commissione Europea per il ccTLD.eu

8 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio Apr-03: Costituzione formale di EURid Omissis

9 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio May-03 La Commissione Europea designa EURid per la gestione del ccTLD.eu 22 May 2003 Brussels - Pisa - Stockholm, May 22nd Today, the Commission announced that it has chosen the EURid consortium to run the.eu TLD. EURid is a not for profit organisation that is built around the Belgian, Italian and Swedish registries. This decision is the latest step in the process of creating a new European Top Level Domain extension. EURid responded to the Call for Expression of Interest that was launched by the European Commission in August last year. A panel of independent experts then evaluated the bids and indicated EURid as the best choice to run the.eu registry. The three registries have very complementary competences: The Belgian registry (DNS BE) has gone through a successful liberalisation at the end of 2000, an experience that is similar to the creation of a new registry. DNS BE will make available its automated registry system that is considered as one of the most advanced in the market. The Italian registry (IIT-CNR), as a division of a well-known research institute, has developed tools for securing electronic transactions. Their security systems and the related know how, in combination with their experience of running a large registry will be a key factor in the success of the.eu registry. The Swedish registry (NIC-SE) has been involved in the creation of Internet standards and has a long standing tradition of interactive consultation with the local and international Internet Community. This experience will be crucial in the start up phase of.eu. Recently,.se has made the step to an open and unrestricted registry. Omissis

10 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio Set-04: Lattesa continua Dal sito EURID EURid still awaits to sign a contract with the European Commission but date expected soon.

11 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio Ott-04: La firma del contratto con la CE EURid press release 13 Oct 2004 At a small signing ceremony in Brussels yesterday, Fabio Colasanti, the Director General of the European Commission's Information Society DG, joined with EURid board members: Pierre Verbaeten (Chairman) Franco Denoth and Anders Janson to sign the Service Concession Contract to operate the.eu registry. With the contract now concluded, the Commission will formally notify ICANN of the selected registry operator allowing official negotiations to commence between EURid and ICANN to have.eu put in the root. Though preparations for the launch of.eu can now proceed with a little more certainty, EURid will be looking for a speedy conclusion to negotiations with ICANN in order to minimise delays in launching.eu. Omissis

12 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio Nov-04: Le fantomatiche preregistrazioni Comunicato di Registry Services We have received many enquiries about EU Registry Services and web sites registereu.com and europeanregistry.biz. EURid has no link with.eu Registry Services (registereu.com or europeanregistry.biz) and urges caution when receiving unsolicited (spam) s offering.eu registrations or taking money for pre-registrations. At this time there are no accredited.eu registrars and it is not possible to register or reserve a.eu name with us. "Pre-registrations" are offered by some companies but sit only in their databases and have no official status with the.eu registry.

13 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio Nov-04: Richiesta di delegazione a ICANN Omissis

14 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio Dic-04: Lettera di risposta di Paul Twomey sul contratto EURid-ICANN Omissis Your letter is most helpful in outlining the history of the.eu recognition by the European Commission. Omissis I understand from my staff that we are in fact very close to concluding an agreement between ICANN and EURid, and that they have sent a suggested time frame for completion. Additionally, and in parallel, the IANA function will begin preparing the report that explains the process by which the.eu ccTLD is delegated, to put before the Board for approval and entering it into the rot DNS zone. I have asked my staff to complete the process on our side as expediently as possible. Omissis

15 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio Jan-05: Comunicato di EURid contro spam We have received a number of complaints from people who have received unsolicited (spam) s in which the sender claims to have pre-registered their.eu domain name on their behalf. Please note that there are no accredited.eu registrars at this time and it is not possible to pre-register a.eu name with us. Such pre-registrations sit only in the database of the provider offering the service and have no official status with the.eu registry. Over the coming months, we will accredit a network of.eu registrars across Europe and publish a list on our web site. You will need to contact one of those registrars in order to obtain your.eu name.

16 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio Mar-05: Risoluzione del BoD di ICANN sul ccTLD.eu Special Meeting of the Board Minutes 21 March 2005 Delegation of.EU Omissis Whereas, at its meeting on 25 September 2000, the ICANN Board resolved (00.74) that alpha-2 codes not on the ISO list are delegable as ccTLDs only in cases where the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency, on its exceptional reservation list, has issued a reservation of the code that covers any application of ISO that needs a coded representation in the name of the country, territory, or area involved; Whereas, the code "EU" has been reserved by the ISO Maintenance Agency to cover any application of ISO that needs a coded representation for the name European Union, including the use as a TLD. Whereas, the European Commission has, following extensive consultations, issued a regulation laying down the public policy rules concerning the implementation and functions of the.EU TLD (including principles governing registration), and has designated EURid – the European Registry for Internet Domains – as the appropriate registry for the.EU TLD. Whereas, in a communication from EURid to the ICANNs President and CEO, EURid indicated a willingness to enter into a framework of accountability with ICANN and formally requested the delegation of the.EU ccTLD. Resolved [05.__] the President and the General Counsel are authorized to enter into an agreement with EURid and to complete the delegation of.EU to EURid. This resolution was approved by the Board by a vote of 15-0, with no abstentions.

17 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio Il BoD di ICANN approva laccordo del 21-Mar-05 per linserimento del.eu nella radice EU Update 23 March 2005 Earlier this week, ICANN's Board took steps to authorize the delegation of.EU as a ccTLD (country code Top Level Domain), and for ICANN Staff to enter into an agreement with EURid and to complete the delegation of.EU. The technical teams of ICANN's IANA function and EURid are working together to complete the entry of.EU in the DNS root. The two-letter code for the European Union (.EU) appears on the ISO reserved list of alpha two-letter codes of country names. At the request of the European Commission, the ISO Maintenance Agency extended the scope of this reservation to cover any application of the two-letter code representing the name European Union, including its being used as a TLD. Following this step, the European Union commenced a process, in partnership with ICANN, to designate the.EU ccTLD. Delegation of a new top level domain requires the completion of a number of procedures. The key requirement is that for each domain there is a designated delegee for supervising that domain's name space. In the case of.EU, the European Commission identified EURid as the appropriate organization to manage.EU.

18 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio Apr-05: Il.eu apparenella radice di IANA

19 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio Apr-05 ore 18,58: Il primo dominio.eu

20 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio Apr-05: Le richieste Lattenzione al ccTLD.eu è altissima: in poche ore dalla visibilità in rete si raggiunge un flusso di 7 richieste/secondo

21 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio Mag-05: Il sole 24 Ore parla del.eu.eu: lEuro dei nomi in internet LEuropa vale 215 milioni di navigatori Quanti italiani?

22 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio Mag-05: I registrar dellEuropa dei 25 che hanno dichiarato interesse al.eu Totale richieste 1569 (1044) per un totale di oltre un milione di nomi ( ) AT51ET1LU6SE45 BE100FI8LT10SI5 CY1FR54LV5SK18 CZ21GR26MT3UK120 DE199IE21NL603 DK46HU13PL21 ES25IT154PT13 Fra parentesi i dati a gennaio 2005

23 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio Ufficio principale: Brussels Sviluppo principale: Brussels –Centri di competenza in altri Paesi Gestioni regionali : –Nord : Sweden –Centro : Belgium –Sud : Italia –Est : Czech Republic Ufficio principale: Brussels Sviluppo principale: Brussels –Centri di competenza in altri Paesi Gestioni regionali : –Nord : Sweden –Centro : Belgium –Sud : Italia –Est : Czech Republic EURid: Organizzazione regionale IE UK DK SE FI LT LV EE FR BE LU NL DE AT PT ES IT GR MT SI CZ PL SK HU CY

24 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio Struttura organizzativa di EURid Managing Director Technical Director Business Dev Manager Communications Manager Administration Manager Tech Dev Manager Operations Manager (4) Software Development (4) Registry systems Name servers System admin Office support Tech help desk Northern Regional Office 4 regional support officers 1 office admin support Southern Regional Office 4 regional support officers 1 office admin support Belgian office Swedish Office Italian Office Czech office Eastern Regional Office 4 regional support officers 1 office admin support Central Regional Office 4 regional support officers (3) Web content Newsletters PR Surveys Registrar training Promotion campaigns Non-tech representation (4) Human resources Legal Secretariat Invoicing/accounts

25 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio La registrazione sotto il ccTLD.eu Chi registra? Persone fisiche e giuridiche che abbiano una residenza in uno degli stati della UE Per il registrar non ci sono restrizioni geografiche, ma devono sottostare alla legge di uno degli stati membri dell UE e conformarsi alla legge europea per la protezione dei dati Tempi Annuncio del sunrise 1 Fase 2 Registrazione generale Min. 2 mesi 2 mesi Validazione dei diritti prioritari da parte del validatore (PWC) Fase 1: Marchi registrati, indicazioni geografiche, nomi e acronimi di enti pubblici e organismi governativi Fase 2: Fase 1 + Nomi dimpresa, nomi propri di persona (in alcuni stati), marchi non registrati (in alcuni stati)

26 Istituto di Telematica del CNR Informatica e Udine, maggio Il ccTLD.eu storia, stato e previsioni Franco Denoth Direttore IIT-CNR UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI DI UDINE FACOLTA DI GIURISPRUDENZA DIPARTIMENTO DI SCIENZE GIURIDICHE Grazie per lattenzione Domande?


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