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IL FUTURO. The future is a simple tense expressing an event that will take place in the future. Until now you have seen the future tense expressed with.

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Presentazione sul tema: "IL FUTURO. The future is a simple tense expressing an event that will take place in the future. Until now you have seen the future tense expressed with."— Transcript della presentazione:

1 IL FUTURO

2 The future is a simple tense expressing an event that will take place in the future. Until now you have seen the future tense expressed with the present tense Parto domani per Italia= I leave tomorrow for Italy Faccio i compiti domani = I (will) do the HW tomorrow

3 Please turn to pagina 256 in your textbooks. The future tense in Italian expresses an action that will take place in the future. Although in English the future is expressed with the helping verb "will" or the phrase "to be going to," in Italian a verb ending marks it as being set in the future tense. For example: Alla fine di settembre partirò per Roma. (At the end of September I will leave for Rome.) Domani comprerò una macchina (Tomorrow I will buy a car)

4 FUTURO SEMPLICE –ARE VERBS The future tense (futuro semplice) of first- conjugation regular (-are) verbs is formed first by changing the infinitive ending -are into -er to obtain the root for the future tense. The following future endings are then added to the root: -ò, -ai, -à, - emo, -ete, -anno.first- conjugation regular (-are) verbs Cantare become Cantere (and then drop e) Canter-

5 FUTURO SEMPLICE CANTARE SINGULARPLURAL io canterònoi canteremo tu canteraivoi canterete (lui, lei, Lei) canterà(loro, Loro) canteranno

6 FUTURO SEMPLICE IRE and ERE verbs Second- and Third-Conjugation Verbs The future tense of regular second- and third-conjugation (-ere and -ire) verbs is formed by simply dropping the final -e of the infinitive to obtain the stem and adding to the stem the following future endings: -ò, -ai, -à, -emo, -ete, -anno (the same endings, in fact, as those added to the first-conjugation group). For a sample conjugation, see the table below, which conjugates the verbs credere and partire.-ere-ire SINGULARPLURAL io crederò, partirònoi crederemo, partiremo tu crederai, partiraivoi crederete, partirete (lui, lei, Lei) crederà, partirà (loro, Loro) crederanno, partiranno

7 Tocca a te Please do #4 on Handout wordstemFuture (io)Future (lui)Future (loro) TROVARETrover-troverò SCRIVERE PARTIRE TELEFONARE LEGGERE SERVIRE

8 IL FUTURO SEMI IRREGULAR STEMS Verbs that end in –care, -gare, -ciare, and -giare undergo a spelling change for phonetic reasons For –care and –care verbs add an h Pagare: pagherò, pagherai, pagherà For -ciare and –giare drop the i Cominciare: comincerò, comincerai, comincerà

9 TOCA A TE PLEASE DO #5 Voi pagherete Loro cominceranno Lei cambierà ( I know this was a trick) – This is not a - ciare or - giare verb io mangerò Tu cercherai Noi giocheremo

10 IRREGULAR STEMS Andare andr- Andare Avere avr- Avere Cadere cadr- Cadere Dovere dovr- Dovere Potere potr- Potere Sapere sapr- Sapere Vedere vedr- Vedere Vivere vivr- Vivere Essere sar- Bere berr- Venire verr- Volere vorr- Daredar- Farefar- Starestar-

11 Tocca a te FATE # 6 on Handout

12 Fine


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