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L'energia nei paesi in via di sviluppo Ralph Gebauer Monday, May 31 st, 2010 Le filiere dell'energia Fondazione Internazionale Trieste.

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Presentazione sul tema: "L'energia nei paesi in via di sviluppo Ralph Gebauer Monday, May 31 st, 2010 Le filiere dell'energia Fondazione Internazionale Trieste."— Transcript della presentazione:

1 L'energia nei paesi in via di sviluppo Ralph Gebauer Monday, May 31 st, 2010 Le filiere dell'energia Fondazione Internazionale Trieste

2 ICTPs mission Foster the growth of advanced studies and research in physics and mathematics, especially among researchers from developing countries; Provide an international forum for the exchange of information and ideas among scientists from the North and South; Maintain excellent research facilities for visitors, associates and fellows, principally from developing countries, who participate in the Centre's research and training activities.

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5 Example: Ethiopia Population (2005): 73 million TPES (2003): kWh Share of renewables: > 92%

6 Example: Ethiopia Population (2005): 73 million TPES (2003): kWh Share of renewables: > 92% Share of renewables, excluding combustible renewables: < 1% This portion is mainly hydro-electricity from large installations (mainly unreliable)

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9 Solar energy distribution in Europe

10 Solar energy distribution worldwide

11 Photovoltaics 140 % of present annual end energy consumption of FRG (3*10 18 J) 250% of present end energy use of Western Europe (1.8 * J) 350 % of present annual world energy consumption (10 20 J) 450 % of extrapolated annual world energy consumption in 2030 (2* J) Percentage of total Sahara area: 7.6 %4 5.4 %3 0.7 % %1 Required Land Areas using 10 % efficient photovoltaic modules Arbeitskreis Alternativenergie Tübingen (Herausg.): "Energiepolitik vonunten", Fischer, Frankfurt/Main, 1982

12 Hanoi, Dec 2009Addis Ababa, Maggio 2010

13 Key challenges for research in new materials: Energy conversion which is: Scalable (10 – 30 TW, in 2050) CO 2 free Affordable Energy storage which is: Scalable Affordable "Energy engineering" knowledge: For all


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