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I walked They ate She sang We laughed He studied You wrote You left.

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Presentazione sul tema: "I walked They ate She sang We laughed He studied You wrote You left."— Transcript della presentazione:

1 I walked They ate She sang We laughed He studied You wrote You left

2 The passato prossimo is the SIMPLE PAST TENSE in Italian. It expresses actions that have been completed and are no longer happening. The passato prossimo is equivalent to the ending -ed in English Per esempio: I walk ed to school. She left for work They danc ed at the party She laugh ed at the joke.

3 I walked to school. She left for work They danced at the party She spoke at the meeting. 2. Is the action still happening? 1. Is there an –ed on the end?

4 Now that you understand WHAT the passato prossimo expresses… Lets conjugate! In Order to use the passato prossimo you need… Helping Verb Past Participle +

5 A Helping verb is used in the Passato Prossimo to tell you WHO did the action We use either… ionoi tuvoi lui / leiloro ionoi tuvoi lui / leiloro

6 The past participle is the verb. It tells you what action was done. It is semi-equivalent to the –ed ending in English. Examples: walked talked danced studiedlived opened laughed jumped listened

7 Step 1: Take the infinitive of the verb The verb when it is not conjugated. Meaning it still has the ARE, ERE or IRE ending Step 2: Remove the ARE, ERE, IRE ending of the verb Step 3: Add the past participle endings If the verb ends in: Add this ending: IRE ERE AREATO UTO ITO Parlare Parlato

8 To form the passato prossimo… know the formula: (ATO, UTO, ITO)

9 Follow these steps, to fill in the formula: WHAT verb are you using? & WHO are you conjugating for? (io,tu, lui,lei, noi, voi, loro) Conjugate AVERE for the subject you chose in step 1. ho abbiamo haiavete hahanno Take the verb (in this case, that action that is completed) and form it into an… ATO, UTO, ITO

10 Nowwww, follow the steps to say: We cooked dinner. WHAT verb are you using? & WHO are you conjugating for? (io,tu, lui,lei, noi, voi, loro) Conjugate AVERE for the subject you chose in step 1. Take the verb & make it into a Past Participle. cucinare noi cucinare cucin ato We cooked dinner = Avere + Past Participle

11 1.Ieri sera, io ___________________________ (mangiare) pizza per la cena. 2.La settimana scorsa tu ____________________ (giocare) a baseball. 3.Ieri Mario ______________________ (chiamare) suo nonno. 4.Caterina _______________________ (camminare) a scuola lunedi. 5. Noi __________________________ (guardare) un film sabato. 6.Voi ____________________________ (parlare) con il professore dopo classe. 7. Marco e Carla _______________________ (dormire) tardi domenica mattina.

12 Not ALL past participles end in ATO, UTO or ITO. (you didnt think you were going to get away that easy did you???) Some past participles are irregular... Unfortunately there are no tricks, no secrets, no easy way out… JUST MEMORIZE THEM!!! aprire bere chiedere chiudere conoscere correre decidere dire fare prendere ridere rimanere rispondere rompere scendere scrivere sorridere spendere vedere venire vincere vivere leggere mettere morire nascere perdere On the next slide you will see ONLY the irregular pps that take Avere

13 aprire - bere - chiedere - chiudere - conoscere - correre - decidere - dire - fare - leggere - mettere - perdere - prendere - ridere - rispondere - scrivere - sorridere - spendere - vedere - vincere - vivere - aperto bevuto chiesto chiuso conosciuto corso deciso detto fatto letto messo perso preso riso risposto scritto sorriso speso visto vinto vissuto

14 1.La settimana scorsa, io ___________________________ (vedere) un film. 2.Ieri, tu ____________________ (leggere) un libro. 3.Ieri Mario ______________________ (correre) dopo scuola. 4.Caterina _______________________ (scrivere) un racconto. 5. Noi __________________________ (fare) il compito ieri sera.. 6.Voi ____________________________ (perdere) le chiave! 7. Marco e Carla _______________________ (spendere) molti soldi al grande magazzino.

15 Follow the SAME steps as you did when using Avere, BUT substitute Essere to fill in the formula: WHAT verb are you using? & WHO are you conjugating for? (io,tu, lui,lei, noi, voi, loro) Conjugate ESSERE for the subject you chose in step 1. sono siamo seisiete èsono Take the verb (in this case, that action that is completed) and form it into an… ATO, UTO, ITO WAIT!!! Theres an extra Step!! (Next slide)

16 But wait… Theres more! When using ESSERE you MUST make sure: IF IF you are talking about MORE THAN 1 PERSON : Or 1 boy or 1 girl You change the last letter of the ATO, UTO, ITO (pp) to: If speaking about 1 girl. If speaking about 2 or more girls. If speaking about 1 boy. If speaking about 2 or more boys.

17 When using the Passato Prossimo, some verbs will take ESSERE as their helping verbs NOT Avere. But SCOTTO!! how will we know!??!?! There are three ways to recognize verbs that take Essere in the Past: G,C,S,B Mrs. Vanderpuverscats The House!

18 If the meaning of the verb falls into one of these categories, it most likely takes ESSERE 1 1

19 Here is a list of Verbs that use ESSERE as the helping verb: morire ritornare partire venire andare nascere diventare essere rimanere uscire vivere entrare restare stare cadere arrivare tornare Salire

20 Mrs. Vanderpuverscats Ciao! Im Mrs. Vanderpuverscats The letters of my name stand for All of the verbs that take ESSERE in the passato prossimo! Its simple, just memorize!! 2 2

21 orire itornare cendere enire ndare ascere iventare ssere imanere artire scire ivere ntrare estare tare rrivare ornare adere Dont forget about my daughter Ms. V. Verns! She can help you remember the irregular pps that take ESSERE! alire orire

22 Ciao studenti! Im Ms. Vanessa Verns My name will remind you of the Irregular past participles that go with ESSERE! Irregular PP – a past participle that Doesnt follow the regular ATO, UTO, ITO formation cendere ivere ssere imanere tare ascere morto sceso vissuto stato rimasto nato stato enire venuto orire

23 The house of Essere!!! 3 3 Most verbs that Describe something you do in your house, fall into The House of Essere, therefore, they take ESSERE in the passato prossimo (Match up all of the verbs from Mrs. Vanderscupersat, and relate them to the house!)

24 1.Ieri sera, Noi ___________________________ (andare) al cinema. 2.Io ______________________________ (mangiare) la pizza. 3.Loro _____________________ (partire) alle sette. 4.Lui __________________________ (parlare) con la mamma. 5.Voi ________________________ (entrare) a casa tardi. 6.Maria _________________________ (bere) una soda con la cena. 7.Tu ________________________ (essere) stanca. 8.Dopo la classe, noi ______________________ (uscire). 9.Io ____________________________ (decidere) di andare alla festa.

25 Avete finito il ripasso del passato prossimo! Adesso andate avanti per ripassare gli altri powerpoint.


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