Presentazione sul tema: "Model for assembly of 48S complexes on EMCV-like IRESs"— Transcript della presentazione:
1 Model for assembly of 48S complexes on EMCV-like IRESs Model for assembly of 48S complexes on EMCV-like IRESs. Structural domains of the IRES and regions of contact with the following factors as determined by footprinting are shown: eIF4G/4A complex (blue/green), ITAF 45 (diamonds), PTB (gray). PTB contains four RRM domains and binds multiple sites on EMCV-like IRESs; such binding (indicated by a dotted line) therefore may stabilize a specific conformation of the IRES. The recruitment of a 40S ribosomal subunit (red) carrying initiator tRNA and eIF3 (yellow) is shown. See text for details.
10 Initiation Factor Activity eIF Fidelity of AUG codon recognitioneIF-1A Facilitate Met-tRNAiMet binding to small subuniteIF Ternary complex formationeIF-2B (GEF) GTP/GDP exchange during eIF-2 recyclingeIF-3 (10 subunits) Ribosome subunit antiassociation, binding to 40S subuniteIF-4F (4E, 4A, 4G) mRNA binding to 40S, ATPase-dependent RNA helicase activityeIF-4A ATPase-dependent RNA helicaseeIF-4E 5' cap recognitioneIF-4G Scaffold for of eIF-4E and -4A in the eIF-4F complexeIF-4B Stimulates helicase, binds simultaneously with eIF-4FeIF-4H Similar to eIF4B eIF Release of eIF-2 and eIF-3, ribosome-dependent GTPaseeIF5B Subunit joiningeIF Ribosome subunit antiassociation
14 Chinasi di eIF2aFigure 3.Stress-Responsive eIF2 Kinases Inhibit General Translation yet Stimulate Expression of a Special Class of Genes(A) Architecture of the four eIF2 Ser-51 kinases. The conserved kinase domains (KD) are depicted in green. The two heme-binding sites in HRI are marked in red. The dsRNA binding domains (dsRBD) in PKR are shown in blue. The N-terminal half of PERK resembles the corresponding domain of the ER stress-responsive IRE1 kinase. Also indicated are signal peptide (SP) and transmembrane (TM) domain of PERK. The regulatory histidyl-tRNA synthetase (HisRS) domain in GCN2 is shown in purple. The locations of the N-terminal GCN1 binding domain (blue), charged region (+/-), and pseudokinase domain (KD), as well as the C-terminal ribosome binding and dimerization domain (RB/DD) in GCN2 are also indicated. The activating condition or ligand for each kinase and the known sources of the kinases are also indicated.
15 Azione delle chinasi di eIF2a Stress-Responsive eIF2 Kinases Inhibit General Translation yet Stimulate Expression of a Special Class of Genes(B) Stress response pathway for regulation of translation by eIF2 phosphorylation. The eIF2 kinases phosphorylate eIF2 leading to inhibition of eIF2B (red bar). This results in low levels of ternary complex (gray arrow) resulting in reduced general translation (gray arrow) and increased translation of GCN4, ATF4, or certain isoforms of C/EBP (black arrow). Increased production of the transcription factors GCN4, ATF4, or C/EBP results in increased expression of their target genes.
16 Regolazione eIF2aFosforilazione su ser 51 in risposta a stress da parte di 4 chinasi: PKR, GCN2, PERK, HRILa fosforilazione impedisce il riciclo da parte di eIF2BLa traduzione di alcuni mRNA è stimolata da bassi livelli di eIF2a attivoMolti virus hanno sistemi per impedire la fosforilazione di eIF2a
20 Regolazione eIF4EFosforilazione su ser 209 da parte di Mnk1 (e Mnk2) correlata con attivazioneMnk interagiscono con eIF4G e sono attivate dalla via delle MAP chinasieIF4E è inibito dall’interazione con 4E-BP (1, 2 e 3)4E-BP sono inibite da fosforilazione dipendente dalla via di mTOR