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Progetto conoscere lEuropa - fare gli europei Classe III C Liceo A.Einstein a.s. 06/07.

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Presentazione sul tema: "Progetto conoscere lEuropa - fare gli europei Classe III C Liceo A.Einstein a.s. 06/07."— Transcript della presentazione:

1 Progetto conoscere lEuropa - fare gli europei Classe III C Liceo A.Einstein a.s. 06/07

2 Strategia di Lisbona Costruire lEuropa dell istruzione e della formazione Costruire lEuropa dell istruzione e della formazione Quando fai piani per un anno, semina grano. Se fai piani per un decennio, pianta alberi. Se fai piani per la vita forma e educa le persone. Proverbio cinese: Guanzi (c645BC)

3 Obiettivi specifici Attrarre più studenti agli studi scientifici e tecnici Attrarre più studenti agli studi scientifici e tecnici Garantire laccesso alle TIC per tutti Garantire laccesso alle TIC per tutti Migliorare lapprendimento delle lingue straniere Migliorare lapprendimento delle lingue straniere

4 Percorso di lavoro Obiettivi: Obiettivi: cercare e selezionare le informazioni importanti cercare e selezionare le informazioni importanti raccogliere i dati scientifici raccogliere i dati scientifici trarre conclusioni trarre conclusioni rafforzare competenze di lettura e scrittura in lingua straniera rafforzare competenze di lettura e scrittura in lingua straniera usare le proprie capacità comunicative servendosi delle TIC usare le proprie capacità comunicative servendosi delle TIC Lingua di comunicazione: inglese Lingua di comunicazione: inglese Strumenti TIC: power point, e internet, foto Strumenti TIC: power point, e internet, foto Discipline coinvolte: scienze, inglese Discipline coinvolte: scienze, inglese Tema: i cambiamenti climatici: sfida europea del XXI secolo Tema: i cambiamenti climatici: sfida europea del XXI secolo

5 Climate changes Anthropic responsibility Anthropic responsibility A European Challenge

6 Former temperatures within major periods of glaciation.

7 Extent of ice from Medieval period to 20th century.

8 From the 1850, in coincidence with the Industrial Revolution, medium temperature of the Earth has increased because of the pollution.

9 Increasing of temperature from 19th century to 2000.

10 1970: Scientists denounce first alarms on the ozone layer.

11 1985: English scientists discover a hole in the ozone layer over Antarctic. 1989: Canadian scientists find another hole over the Artide. The map shows the increasing of the hole of ozone.

12 CO2 emissions from industrial processes This map depicts the unequal distribution of industry in the world.

13 Precipitation patterns are changing on global scales…

14 Levitus et al. Science, 2000 The oceans have absorbed about 30 times more heat than the atmosphere since 1955 Oceans 18.2 x 1022 J Atmosphere 6.6 x 1021 J The world oceans are heating up.

15 Visible effects: Changing in farming Increasing of drought Changing of ecosystems. More common and more severe weather events

16 Warming of sea-surface temperatures. Melting of artic sea ice. Rising of sea level. Flooding due to heavier rainfall

17 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Summer Arctic Sea Ice

18 Dangerous greenhouse gases Oceans are a huge thermic mass that gets easily warm but with difficulty colds off. Carbon dioxide melts in the oceans which become acid, causing problems to organisms. CO 2 +H 2 O H 2 CO 3 H + + HCO 3 - If the oceans heat up, there will be a rise in the atmosphere of carbon dioxide and of methane, two of the most dangerous greenhouse gases.

19 Endangered species Endangered species threatened by climatic change.

20 What will change ? Global temperature is expected to increase by between 1.4 and 5.8°C (2.5 to 10°F). The Northern Hemisphere cover should decrease further, but the Antarctic ice should increase. The sea level should rise by between 9 and 88 cm (3.5" to 35").

21 Some crops and forest products could benefit from a small climate change. Some crops and forest products could benefit from a small climate change. Positive consequence

22 Negative consequences Melting of polar ice caps At the North Pole the ice will shrink by 10% The thickness above the water will decrease by about 40%. The ice sheet above the Antarctic continent will become unstable. Glaciers are retreating 75% of the glaciers in the Swiss Alps will disappear by Extreme weather

23 Effects on Gulf streamEffects on Gulf stream The Gulf stream could get slower.The Gulf stream could get slower. There will be a rise of heat at the Equator.There will be a rise of heat at the Equator. There will be more frequent hurricanes and rainfalls.There will be more frequent hurricanes and rainfalls. The issue of Monsoons The Indian Ocean could get warmer.The Indian Ocean could get warmer. The monsoons will stop blowing.The monsoons will stop blowing. Nations sustained by the monsoons will be seriously damaged.Nations sustained by the monsoons will be seriously damaged.

24 The War Effect First U.N. Security Council debate on climate change: droughts, floods and rising seas linked to global warming could spur conflicts in coming decades. Otto Dix - Stormtroops advancing under gas

25 EU: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate ChangeUnited Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (1992) United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Kyoto ProtocolKyoto Protocol (1997) Kyoto Protocol European Climate Change Programme (2000) EU Emissions Trading SchemeEU Emissions Trading Scheme (2005) EU Emissions Trading Scheme European Commission Communication "Limiting Global Climate Change to 2 degrees Celsius: The way ahead for 2020 and beyond (January 2007) Communication "Limiting Global Climate Change to 2 degrees Celsius: The way ahead for 2020 and beyondCommunication "Limiting Global Climate Change to 2 degrees Celsius: The way ahead for 2020 and beyond Calendar of Events 2007 Calendar of Events 2007 The Institutions and the Climate Changes

26 Climate change: an issue that affects everyone.

27 What can we do about it ? Dont overheat your home. Reducing the temperature by just 1°C can cut up to 7% off your familys energy bill. 70% of the energy used by households is for heating. Dont forget to switch off the lights when you dont need them. Recycle Avoid taking the car. Walk or cycle instead! Plant trees. Five trees soak up around one tonne of CO 2 throughout their life time. Dont waste water.

28 Links ID=48236&messageID=106900# ID=48236&messageID=106900# ID=48236&messageID=106900# ID=48236&messageID=106900#

29 Acknowledgments Prof. ssa Alessandra Tortul Prof. Renzo Sponza Amatruda Elda Bertoldi David Bortolossi Alessandro Comelli Ambra Contin Raffaele Dal Forno Giulia DAngelo Mirko Di Gioia Giulia Filiputti Giulia Folla Sebastiano Gubbini Luca Mueller Luca Pelos Fabio Piani Federica Pittana Stefano Regeni Glauco Regeni Margherita Rusin Stefano Soardo Damiano Titton Giulia Zorba Erika


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