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PRESENTATION OF SWISS LAW ON THE INSURANCE AGAINST UNEMPLOYMENT AND ALMPS IN TICINO Meeting with operators of LMPs LdV LMC – Leonardo da Vinci Partnerships.

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Presentazione sul tema: "PRESENTATION OF SWISS LAW ON THE INSURANCE AGAINST UNEMPLOYMENT AND ALMPS IN TICINO Meeting with operators of LMPs LdV LMC – Leonardo da Vinci Partnerships."— Transcript della presentazione:

1 PRESENTATION OF SWISS LAW ON THE INSURANCE AGAINST UNEMPLOYMENT AND ALMPS IN TICINO Meeting with operators of LMPs LdV LMC – Leonardo da Vinci Partnerships – Labor Market Competencies Study Visit – Ecap Ticino UNIA Lugano, 10th and 11th Dec

2 Contents Statistics on unemployment in Switzerland and Ticino LADI – Federal law on the insurance against unemployment LADI e LMPs – Role of unemployment consultant and re- insertion strategy ALMPs – Active labor market policies and measures Open space 2

3 Statistics on unemployment in Switzerland and Ticino % 5.3 % 4.5% 5.2% 4.9% 3.1% 5.2%

4 Statistics on unemployment in Switzerland and Ticino Swiss Federal figures 4 Registered unemployed Unemployment tax Young unemployed (15-24) Young unemployment tax Job seekers Long term unemployed Announced job vacancies

5 Statistics on unemployment in Switzerland and Ticino Unemployed people according to gender, time and nationality (federal) 5

6 LADI – Federal law on the insurance against unemployment The Swiss unemployment system works according to an insurance logic. It is very structured and constrained, both from rights and from duties point of view. Objectives of the agreement between Confederation and local administrations (Cantoni) for the appliance of the law:  Rapidly re-insert  Reduce long-term unemployment  Limit the number of people who expire their right to benefits  Limit the number of people who register back into the insurance 6

7 LADI – Federal law on the insurance against unemployment « Passive» measures The law sets the right to receive unemployment benefits for job seekers, who fulfil all the seven legal requirements. 1. Notion of unemployement 2. The job loss must be accountable 3. Be resident in Switzerland 4. Age limits (17-64/65) 5. Having paid the insurance for the settled period, or be exonerated for settled reasons 6. Be fit and available for employment 7. Strictly respect regulations on control. 7

8 Fulfilment of contribution period: time frames Minimum period of contribution 8 2 years (except exeptions) 2 years (except exeptions) LADI – Federal law on the insurance against unemployment Period of contribution Period of collection Day of announcement at job office

9 LADI – Federal law on the insurance against unemployment Exemption from duty of contribution: 1. Education and training, inability to work, stay in prison 2. Separation and divorce, end of invalidity benefits 3. Return from residence abroad (outside UE) Equivalent periods of contribution 1. Employment from end of education to 17 years of age 2. Military service 3. Maternity insurance (14-16 weeks) 4. Valid employment contract but no salary because of sickness or accident 9

10 LADI – Federal law on the insurance against unemployment Quota of contribution: 2.2%, 50/50 shared with employer, up to Frs.10’500/month. Then solidarity contribution of 1% on salaries up to Frs 26’250/month. Insured income: global amount calculated in accordance to law on social security, including 13 th month of salary, bonus, night work extras, shifts extras, ecc. Minimum is Frs 500/month, under which there is no right. Period of calculation: average income of last 6 months, or 12 months if more convenient for the beneficiary. 10

11 LADI – Federal law on the insurance against unemployment Period of contribution/Maximum amount of daily benefits (5/week) 11 Period of contributionAge/obligation of supportingConditionsDaily (months)indemnities

12 LADI – Federal law on the insurance against unemployment Daily indemnity amount: 70% of insured income (max Frs 10’500/month). L’80% to people who have support obligations, or whose insured income is < Frs 3’797/month or has invalidity rent of 40% min. Exemple of daily indemnity: Insured income / 21.7 (days/month) x benefit quota Frs 4’500 : 21.7 x 70%= x 21 (working days February) = Frs 3’048 NB unemployment benefits are subject to social contributions and are taxable 12

13 LADI – Federal law on the insurance against unemployment Actors in the application of the law UMA –Active Labor Market Measures Office Regional employment offices (URC): consultants help insured people to find an adequate job asap They provide guidance, control and the assignement of Active Measures Unemployment Cash-desks (trade union): they set and calculate right to indemnities and provide for monthly withdraws «Cantonal» Legal service: grants for equal application and decides in case of doubts or conflicts. 13

14 Beneficiary’s duties 1. Reduce the loss 2. Provide for proofs of job search personal efforts 3. Attend guidance and control meetings with Personal Consultant at URC 4. Obligation to inform punctually (monthly «report») In brief: the insured person is obliged to proof his/her efforts to re-insert according to the strategy decided with the PC and accept Active Measures he/she is assigned by PC 14 LADI – Federal law on the insurance against unemployment

15 LADI e LMPs – Role of unemployment Personal Consultant and re-insertion strategy Tipical beneficiary’s pathway Notice of end of job: start job seeking Job search (min. weekly quantity set by PC URC) First meeting with PC URC. Information, strategy, ecc. Register at URC and at municipality Attend information day on rights and duties at URC Register at Unemployment Cask-desk 15 Participate into assigned AM Monthly meeting with PC URC to give in proofs of job search and monitor situation Job search (min. weekly quantity set by PC URC) Withdraw of monthly indemnities on bank account Reception of monthly report to fill in and take to cash- desk Application of the strategy until re- insertion or end of right to indemnities

16 LADI e LMPs – Role of unemployment Personal Consultant and re-insertion strategy The PC is in charge for the setting and managing of a focused, personalised strategy aiming at rapid and durable re-insertion of every insured job seeker assigned to his/her «care» He/she is provided with strict indications, codified procedures and a guide to Active Measures. He/she still keeps a margin of discretionary power, going less and less in the years. During the first interview with the job seeker (2h), the PC makes a «coding» of the beneficiary, i.e. he/she assigns him/her to a “group”, according to specific personal and professional features. The coding allows the PC to instantly visualise Active Measures meant for that type of job seeker. 16

17 ALMPs – Active labor market policies and measures Aim of AM: promote rapid and lasting re-integration of insured people, whose placement in the job market is difficult, due to job market-related reasons. How? Improving their “suitability” to placement Promoting professional qualification according to labor market needs Decreasing the risk of long-term unemployment Supporting acquisition of professional experiences 17

18 ALMPs – Active labor market policies and measures Funds invested in AM in some UE countries and in CH 18

19 AM – Typologies Training measures Individual or group courses, specialization or re-integration Virtual companies for commercial practice (APC) Training stages Occupational measures Temporary occupational programs (POT-PO) Professional practice periods (PPP) Motivational semester (SEMO) Special measures Checks/Grants for introduction period (API) Training grants (AF) Support to entrepreneurship (PAI) Benefits for commuters or weekly stays (SPSS) 19

20 PML – Typologies Federal or regional incentives (L-rilocc) to employment of registered job seekers 20

21 PML – Tipologie Company-oriented Measures and Regional Company Group In each local office, there’s a group of consultants dedicated to build and keep the link with companies, enterprises and employers Tasks: 1. Acquire and handle customer-companies 2. Register and manage vacant positions 3. Select candidates among registered people 4. Decide on AM for companies 21

22 PML – Typologies 22

23 AM – Strategy and focused/sectorial pathways 23 Typology of Insured person Phase I (1-4 Months) - Support job search - Assess competence - Verify employability Phase II (5-8 ) Follow-up Initial (VE)T Phase III (8-fine) End of pathways Search for «adequate occupation» Young people without qualification SEMOSEMO - Semestre di motivazione MIDADA (progetto anche residenziale) Segnalazione ad altro ente Young people without qualification (if not already Building or Industry path) BILANCIO GIOVANI BILANCIO GIOVANI with re-insertion support MIDADAPO – Occupational program

24 AM – Strategy and focused/sectorial pathways Tipologia di assicurato/a FASE I (1-4 Mesi) Sostenere ricerca Accertare competenze Verificare collocabilità FASE II (5-8 ) Seguito percorsi FB FASE III (8-fine) Fine percorsi Ricerca occupazione adeguata Quadri superiori e/o PCI con alta qualifica+espe in tutte le prof. Bilancio quadriProposte bilancioPO - Programma occupazionale PCI con idea di attività indipendente PAIPAI - Percorso attività indipendente PCI con problemi di salute che accettano IPT IPT IPT – Integration pour tous Proposte IPTSegnalazione ad altro ente PCI con problemi di salute che rifiutano IPT Bilancio lungoBilancio lungo, PO, TRIS, Mandato di orientamento PO - Programma occupazionale 24

25 AM – Strategy and focused/sectorial pathways 25 Tipologia di assicurato/a FASE I (1-4 Mesi) Sostenere ricerca Accertare competenze Verificare collocabilità FASE II (5-8 ) Seguito percorsi FB FASE III (8-fine) Fine percorsi Ricerca occupazione adeguata PCI settore commerciale (Qualificati AFC e/o ultima professione nel settore) RCC – Rilevamento competenze commerciali Percorso indicato dal RCC: APCAPC – Azienda di pratica commerciale Nestore (stage) Nestore PO TRI sostegno PCI edilizia (o interessati) Rilevamento competenze edilizia Percorso edilizia PO PCI settore industriale Rilevamento competenze industria Percorso proposto dal Rilevamento ind. PO PCI settore venditaPercorso venditaPercorso proposto dal Rilevamento vendita Nessun PML o Percorso settoriale alternativo; O POT individuale o specifico; - PPP; SF; AF; Attività indipendente.

26 AM – Strategy for seekers without specific pathways 26 Tipologia di assicurato/a FASE I (1-4 Mesi) Sostenere ricerca Accertare competenze Verificare collocabilità FASE II (5-8 ) Seguito percorsi FB FASE III (8-fine) Fine percorsi Ricerca occupazione adeguata PCI Qualificate TRI-Sostegno TRI-Base se giovani al primo impiego con meno di 30 anni   CT2 di SOS e Career Start-up di Labor Transfer PO entro 1 mese dalla conclusione del TRIS PCI Non qualificate PO con sostegnoPO PCI alloglotte Non scolarizzate PO con sostegnoPO PCI alloglotte Scolarizzate Piattaforma italiano e Corso di italiano Corso TRISPO

27 PML – Special cases 27 Tipologia di assicurato/a FASE I (1-4 Mesi) Sostenere ricerca Accertare competenze Verificare collocabilità FASE II (5-8 ) Seguito percorsi FB FASE III (8-fine) Fine percorsi Ricerca occupazione adeguata PCI con interesse a misure fuori Cantone Corso Chance Schprachmax, Lucerna PML nazionali Tipologia di assicurato/a PCI con periodo d’attesa di 120 gg. Qualificati < 30 anni: Career Start-up/CT2 PPP (solo se diritto in vigore) TRI-Sostegno o TRI-Base (se non possibile Career/CT2 > 30 anni: TRI-Sostegno o TRI-Base PPP senza incentivo Lrilocc (se diritto in vigore) Non qualificati> 25 anni: PO con sostegno Tipologia di assicurato/a PCI con periodo d’attesa di 120 gg. Qualificati < 30 anni: Career Start-up / CT2 PPP (solo se diritto in vigore) TRI-Sostegno o TRI-Base (se non possibile Career/CT2 > 30 anni: TRI-Sostegno o TRI-Base PPP senza incentivo Lrilocc (se diritto in vigore) Non qualificati> 25 anni: PO con sostegno

28 PML – Special cases 28 Tipologia di assicurato/a PCI che hanno esaurito il diritto alle indennità Corsi TRIS Pratiche di ricerca d’impiego (senza rimborso spese viaggio)

29 PML – Casi particolari Misure nazionali Programmi occupazione temporanea per PCI con formazione/caratteristiche particolari: 29

30 PML – Casi particolari 30 Professional pratictice program (PPP) for job seekers with special education/features: Language courses abroad

31 Spazio aperto Comments, questions, doubts? Thank you for your attention!!! 31


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